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A. Will. 

B. Logic. 

C. The Mount of Venus. 

D. The Mount of Jupiter. 

E. The Mount of Saturn. 

F. The Mount of the Sun. 

G. The Mount of Mercury' 
H. The Mount of Mars 

I. The Mount of the Moon 
J. The Plain of Mars. 


K. The Rascette. 

L. Square finger. 

M. Spatulate finger. 

N. Conic finger. 

O. Pointed finger. 

P. The ist Phalange. 

Q. The and Phalange. 

R. The 3rd Phalange. 

S. The ist Joint (Order). 

T. The and Joint (Philosophy). 

a a. Line of Life. 

b b. Line of Head. 

c c. Line of Heart. 

d d. Line of Saturn or Fate. 

e e. Line of Liver. 

f/. Line of the Sun or Fortune. 

gg. Belt of Venus. 

k. The Quadrangle. 
i. The Triangle. 
J. The Upper Angle. 
k. The Inner Angle. 
/. The Lower Angle. 
ntntnt. The Bracelets of Life. 

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PART I.—Chirognomy. 

Of the Hand Generally 31 

Of the Thumb 37 

Of the Consistency of Hands 40 

Of the Seven Types of Hands 42 

Of the Female Hand 66 

PART IL— Chiromancy. 

Of the Hand and its Markings 75 

Of the Mounds of the Hand 85 

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8 Contents, 


Of the Line of the Heart . . ... .92 

Of the Line of the Head 96 

Of the Line of Life loo 

Of the Line of Saturn no 

Of the Hepatic Line and the Girdle of Venus . 118 

Of the Lines of the Sun and of the Wrist . . 122 

Of the Reading of the Hand— "Right" and "Left" 133 


Of the Quadrangle— Advice "to those about to 
Marry " —The Great Triangle . . • 138 

Of the Little Triangle— The Angles . .143 

On the Signs which Modify Predicted Effects . 147 

A FEW Practical Hints— Conclusion . . . .154 

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Prius quam incipias consulto, et ubi consulueris mature facto opus est. 

Chiromancy, which includes Chirognomy, concern- 
ing which we propose to treat in the following 
pages, is of very ancient origin. The derivation of 
the word is from the Greek x«^P (the hand) and luufrtv- 
ofiat (I foretell). In fact, the Science is that which 
enables us to divine character, past events, and des- 
tiny from the shape, the mounds, and the lines of the 

There is more in this science than may at first 
sight appear to an observer. We know that certain 
bumps upon the head indicate certain characteristics 
of human nature. The colour of the hair and eyes, 
the form of the mouth, of the chin and nose, the 
shape of the ears, with other signs and attributes of 
person, and the general form of the body, nails, and 
fingers afford certain and infallible indications of 
temperament as varied as the forms of ear or face. 
Nothing in nature is more remarkable than the fact 
that, although every individual amongst the millions of 
living human beings possesses features, and organs of 
perception, visibly formed for the same purposes, and 
used for those purposes, no two persons possess 
them exactly alike. The variety therefore is infinite. 

What, then, are we to say concerning the hand of 

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1 2 Preface. 

man ? Character can be read from the features and 
expression of the face, why not from the marks and 
lines upon the hand? Because, you will say, the 
" homy-handed son of toil " will show you more and 
a greater variety of marks (not lines) than the idle 
man, or the individual who works with his pen, and 
not with spade, pickaxe, or hammer. We grant that 
the effects of manual labour will be different, but they 
will not produce the same lines. Put any two men 
at the same work, their hands will not be any more 
alike after a week's work than they were at the 
beginning of the week. 

Neither are the lines in the hand caused by the 
general folding or construction ; as an old writer puts 
it — Deus et Natura nihil efficiunt frustra. Certainly 
nothing has been made in vain, and why, then, should 
the lines of the human hand not bear some signifi- 
cance ? " Nature," continues one old authority, " has 
impressed lines in the forehead which is not capable 
of restriction or plication, therefore this cannot hold, 
that the construction of the hands should cause the 
formation or appearance of lines in the hands ; for 
between the joints of the fingers many persons have 
lines, and of different forms. Other people have very 
few — mayhap none at all — and here there is no flexion." 

We therefore support the principle that there is a 
meaning attached to the lines and mounds of the 
hand, though we will not take upon ourselves to affirm 
unreservedly that the meanings attached to those 
lines or mounds are always unalterably the true ones, 
as far as the future is concerned. It is against reason 
and common sense to foretell, beyond power of muta- 
tion, events which cannot certainly be known to any 

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Preface, 13 

human being. That certain identical lines and mounds 
are visible in the hands of individuals of like tempera- 
ment is not to be gainsaid. Phrenology has given us 
standing ground for so much assumption in regard to 
Chiromancy. Lavater was a master in reading tem- 
perament from facial observation. The hand will 
afford as much information if we study it properly. 

As to which hand should be inspected, it is 
the generally received rule that the left hand is the 
one which the Chiromant must study first, and that 
the indications which he finds in that hand must be 
modified or corrected by those found in the right ; and 
this, it seems to U6, is owing to the fact that the left 
hand is (except in the case of a left-handed subject) 
comparatively the idle hand, and is therefore the more 
adapted to the proper formation of the lines and 
mounds. We have found in an ancient authority a 
manifestly absurd rule which declares that it depends 
whether the owner of the hand had been born by 
night or by day ; that if the former, the left hand is to 
be inspected, that in the latter case the right hand ; 
though both are necessary for a complete divination. 
^^ Node etiam natis sinistra magis favet^ die vero 
et in aurora natis dextra^ quamvis utraque manus 
probe inspicienda et examinanda estJ*^ 

We shall recur to this in the body of the work, 
and therefore pass on to the consideration of the 
antiquity and history of Chiromancy, which will lead 
us to the practical chapters on the science. 

It is impossible to ascertain the origin of Chiro- 
mancy, nor would it be of much practical use if we 
could do so. It has been stated that Homer wrote 
a treatise upon the science, but this is improbable on 

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14 Preface. 

the face of it. The Romans appear to have been 
acquainted with Chiromancy; and Dryden, in his 
Juvenal, says — 

"The middle sort, who have not much to spare, 
To Chiromancer's cheaper art repair, 
"Who clap the pretty palm to make the lines more fair.** 

Artemidoms, in the second century, wrote of Chiro- 
mancy, and we have many later authors, such as Codes 
in 1504, De la Chambre 1653, with other Italian 
and French writers, as well as Germans, down to the 
lady who produced the ** Grand Jeu de Soci^td " in 

The first regular work, however, upon this art or 
science seems to have been produced in the fifteenth 
century by Hartlieb, who produced a very remarkable 
and now very rare volume entitled '"'Die Kiinst 
Ciromantia." The date of this volume — a rare speci- 
men of the block printing — is 1448. Codes above 
mentioned appears to have made a study of Chiro- 
mancy, and it is recorded by the writer of the 
" Anecdotes de Florence," that he made some success- 
ful predictions from an observation of hands and 
features. Codes himself was the victim of the 
murder he predicted, and fulfilled his former prophecy 
to the effect that he himself would die from the 
effects of a blow upon the head, which did actually 
cause his death. This prediction came true to the 
letter, as he was struck with an axe by the man whom 
he had connected with a " detestable murder," to be 
performed that very day. 

The study of Physiology and Chiromancy (or 
Palmistry) were not uncommonly united, and many 

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Preface. 1 5 

seers tried their hands at the art. We have found 
two very excellent professors, whose works, with other 
rather more modem and equally scarce pamphlets, we 
have laid under contribution in the following pages. 
We have devoted some years to the study of the sub- 
ject, and, reading the palm as we do, we find much to 
recommend the art. There is considerable instruc- 
tion to be gained by its practice, but we would 
recommend caution in fully interpreting the lines of 
the hand in public. There may well be occasions 
when silence even will best meet the case ; for, putting 
aside the objection sensitive people may entertain on 
the subject, nervous individuals, and those whose 
minds are apt to dwell upon trifles as likely to affect 
their future happiness, should not be " operated on." 

We have had experience of this in ordinary " for- 
tune-telling," when " tears " fell to the lot of a lady 
three times successively, notwithstanding some good- 
natured attempts to alter Fate by shuffling the fortune- 
telling apparatus. The young lady was deeply 
impressed by the singular repetition of the unhappy 
fate in store for her, and did not recover her spirits 
for some days. As a matter of fact, her life since 
then — some fifteen years ago — has been singularly un- 
happy, full of disappointments and pain, mentally and 
bodily. The prediction was only too true. 

But to resume. Chiromancy died out in the seven- 
teenth century, when Physiognomy usurped its place, 
but within a few months Society has taken up the 
" craze," as it has been ignorantly called, for there is 
much more sense in the study of Chiromancy than in 
ninety-nine of the passing fancies taken up by people 
who have no time to take up anything. One ancient 

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1 6 Preface, 

writer saith that Chiromancy "informeth us to know 
and disceme by the Hand the Complexions and Con- 
stitutions of Bodies ; the Sufferings and Sorrows of 
Humane Life ; the Felicity and Infelicity thereof; 
and, in fine, all things (jood or Bad that may befal or 
betide Man or Woman." Most singular speculations 
may be drawn from the lines, he says ; that is to say, 
" from their Longitude, Latitude, Profundity, Rectitude, 
Obliquity, Intersection, Application, Opposition, Con- 
junction, Separation, Continuity, Discontinuity, Pro- 
portion, Disproportion, Lucidity, Apparency, Pallidity, 
Rubedity, Fuscedity (which is a cloudy darkness of 
color), MoUicity," &c., from their " Position, Calliga- 
tion, and Form." 

Nor is this all that pertains to the correct reading 
of the hands : there are other indications which the 
student must take note of and remember, such as the 
crosses, stars, rays, and branches, ascensions and 
descensions, "right or tor ted;" so Palmistry is not 
the mere amusement it would appear. Granting, 
therefore, that these lines were put upon the hands by 
Nature, as indications of character, or as heritage 
from our parents and remoter ancestors, whose charac- 
teristics we naturally inherit, we shall be able to make 
certain diagnoses of the kind of people we are. 

The explanation of these signs is named Chiro- 
mancy. " Onely this I shall tell you — the Author hath 
not onely in this small tract reduced all to a concise 
and Methodical Discourse," but " added divers others 
of his own observations." 

"Seek and ye shall find !" said the greatest and 
highest Philosopher, but now and then to aid the 
feeble powers of man, to guide his erring but well- 
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Preface, 17 

intentioned footsteps, Providence sends a num gifted 
with powers beyond those of his fellow-mortals, whose 
efforts, whose researches, and whose natural powers, 
help man a step farther towards that goal which is 
already in sight, towards that power which is only 
just out of reach of our grasp, towards that knowledge 
which is man's pre-ordained prerogative, but for which, 
in the days of our forefathers, its seekers were con- 
demned to the prison, the torture, and the scaffold. 
Such men as this were Hermes Trismegistus, Apol- 
lonius, and Paracelsus, such men are and have been 
Gall, Lavater, D'Arpentigny, and Desbarrolles. 

Gall and Lavater taught methods of divination 
complicated to acquire and difficult to put into 
practice. M. le Capitaine D'Arpentigny at length 
appeared on the scene, endowed with a cool judg- 
ment, an indomitable perseverance, and an unflagging 
watchfulness. The system he inaugurated, under the 
title of Chirognomy, though vague in places, became 
elucidated and enlarged as it passed through the 
hands and brains of such men as Bichat, Montaigne, 
Rabelais, Herder, and Balzac. To these men came 
Desbarrolles, with his sister science Chiromancy; what 
the former wanted, the latter supplied; what was 
confusing in the latter was explained by the former ; 
and the twin doctrines uniting with their younger and 
necessarily more fallible satellite. Graphology^ became 
a harmonious whole, — " The Science of the Hand." 

Desbarrolles, having studied all the Chiromantic 
works on which the Sorcerers, Astrologers, Necro- 
mancers, and Charlatans of the Middle Ages founded 
their pretended knowledge, rejected all as the crea- 
tions of unscrupulous mystery-mongers, and seeking 

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1 8 Preface. 

for Chiromancy its true origin in the Kabbala of pri- 
mitive India, embodied the principles of our science, 
by which the instincts of man, his past life, and, to a 
certain extent, his future may be explained and 

We say " to a certain extent," for were we to say 
the absolute unavoidable future may be read in the 
hand, we should lay ourselves open to just condemna- 
tion for charlatanry and fatalism. What we do claim 
for the science is this, that by indicating, by means of 
the instincts and tendencies shown in the hands, the 
events which, if left to themselves, would supervene, 
such events, by the suppression of the tendencies 
which will bring them about, may be neutralized or 
avoided entirely. 

Let us claim for this Opuscule the merit of opening 
your eyes to the tendencies of your nature, and the 
probable results of those tendencies. Let this bro- 
chure be the means by which you may so encourage 
your finer instincts, and so combat and neutralize your 
evil ones, that by attention to the aptitudes and weak- 
nesses with which you entered this world, you may 
earn and labour truly to get your own living in that 
state cf life unto which it shall have pleased God to call 

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** Facts are stubborn things I " 

Some time ago we were dining with some friends 
living in one of the most populous and popular 
suburbs of our great city. The other guests present 
were all people of a character unmistakably suburban, 
that is, they were composed for the most part of men 
whose business took them to town every week-day, to 
whom the suburbs, where their wives and families 
lived, moved, and had their being, was but a dormi- 
tory. Consequently, the business element largely 
prevailed, and the company, in which the sexes were 
evenly balanced, was of a nature decidedly practical, 
and one in which abstruse, or psychic questions would 
meet with but little sympathy^ or unbiassed discussion. 
Our host introduced us, for the purpose of escorting 
in to dinner, to a lady whose personal appearance 
was indicative only of a careless, matter-of-fact dispo- 
sition, capable of ridiculing or seriously discussing 
any question that might arise. 

As we took our seats and our neighbour took off 
her gloves — 

"I hope, Miss ," we said, "we shall not 

bore one another, for I see you paint, and I don't. 

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Digitized by V 

20 Introductmi. 

I am musical, and I see that you are not; that is 
to say, that you prefer catchy melody to abstruse 
harmony— that you prefer Sullivan to Wagner. You 
also have a will, or rather obstinacy, which will not 
let you give in, in any argument, however wrong you 
may be. This being the case, do you choose a sub- 
ject, and /will discuss it and be convinced" 

" Well," she replied, " seeing that we have known 
one another about four minutes, I think that is about 
the coolest speech I ever heard, but at the same time 
it is marvellously correct As you don't belong to 
this place, how did you find all that out?" 

"As you took off your gloves, I looked at your 

" What do you mean ? '* she asked, and at the same 
time held up her hands, palms uppermost, as if to see 
there what had guided us in arriving at a summary 
of her character, and as she made this motion we con- 
tinued : — 

** I beg to apologize ; I was wrong ; I see now that 
we shall get on very well, for you are imaginative (no, 
not romantic), and so am I, and that you have a 
painfully keen sense of the ridiculous, which is also 
my greatest misfortune." 

" This is a most extraordinary thing," she returned ; 
" will you tell me how you are analyzing me in this 
personal but horribly accurate manner ? " 

"It is quite simple," we said; "with a view to 
choosing a subject of conversation, I looked at your 
hands by the light of my favourite science, * Chiro- 
gnomy.' By the conical tips of your rather square 
fingers, and the firmness with which your hand rested 
on my arm as we came in, I know that you paint 

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Introduction. 2 1 

By the want of method and order shown by your 
knuckles, joined to the other facts I had remarked, 
I saw that you were not a deep musician ; and, on the 
top of these, the development of your thumb shows 
a good-humoured obstinacy ; but when you held your 
palms up to the light, these two lines greatly modi- 
fied and explained my first impressions." 

"This interests me very much," said she; "can 
you tell me my fortune entirely, like a gipsy?" 

" Please do not say that," we answered ; " fortune- 
telling is in almost every instance a vulgar swindle 
practised by charlatans, or worse, for the purpose of 
extorting money from foolish people. Many profes- 
sional Chiromants, also, consult the wishes and per- 
sonal appearance and circumstances of their victims 
or clients in expounding their pretended knowledge. 
Amateurs of the science, again, in their desire to be 
polite, suppress home truths, and the people who 
present their hands for examination, whilst inwardly 
thankful that the knowledge evidenced has been so 
slight, think that the science is simply a masquerade, 
and its practice a feat of assurance on the part of the 
practitioner. All these things tend to bring Chiro- 
mancy into disrepute ; but, nevertheless, the character 
and disposition of a person is most clearly inscribed 
in the hand ; events, as they happen to us, become 
written there as with a quill-pen; and as surely as 
' coming events cast their shadows before,' so surely are 
those shadows cast in the hand. You might say, 
* The present and the past it may be possible to dis- 
cern, but the future, no ! ' I answer : * Why not ? 
the Imes do not become marked in an instant, in the 
twinkling of an eye ; of a line which is destined to 

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22 Introduction. 

appear, the root must necessarily exist somewhere in 
the hand, and it is the science of Chiromancy which 
enables us to find those roots and distinguish them 
from the lines which have already come into promi- 

" You have asked me to read your hand by this 
science. I warn you of two things : first, that if there 
is anything in the art (and I, of course, firmly believe 
that there is), all the secrets of your life are laid bare 
to my inspection in your hand ; second, that whatever 
I see there I shall tell you without a moment's hesita- 
tion, from the most complimentary facts to the most 
bitter truths ; if you have anything to conceal do not 
show me your hands ; if not, and if after these remarks 
you still elect to submit yourself to this ordeal, give 
me your hands, and if you repent of it, on your own 
head be it!" 

" Well," she replied, " I consent, I will show you 
my hand ; but at the same time this question must now 
stand adjourned till after dinner. Tell me something 
about the other people present" 

'' I can only tell you the outlines of the characters 
around us. Of course the superficial examination of 
the external formations of a collection of hands 
cannot be infallible, but, as far as it can, here goes. 
That old gentleman over there is hard, calculating, 
and dictatorial ; but if he has any near relations, they 
find him amiable and tractable away from his busi- 
ness, which is mechanical and scientific." 

"Very true," replied our neighbour; "he is my 
uncle, a dear old gentleman, a civil engineer of great 
experience and some celebrity." 

"The lady next to him is a blue-stockmg, pre- 

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Introduction, 23 

sumably a spinster, accustomed to command, but 
underneath kind and sympathetic; the gentleman 
next her is in business, a clever and clear-headed 
man ; the lady on the other side of him is a pianiste, 
headstrong and passionate, but the embodiment of 
good-nature; she is also inquisitive, and nervous. 
How are we getting on ? " 

" The first lady you pointed out," was the answer, 
" is the principal of a girls' school close by ; the man 
in the middle I don't know ; the third is my sister, 
and there you were quite right" 

The conversation then flowed into other channels, 
and we did not return to the subject till a few days 
afterwards when we met at a garden-party in another 
place, and Miss — claimed the fulfilment of the 
promise ; we took her hand, and, with her permission, 
we recapitulate the most important of the events we 
saw there.* 

" You were bom under extraordinary circum- 
stances, and, at the moment of your birth, your life 
was in danger from some external cause ; that is, the 
danger was not constitutional — you were a strong, 
healthy baby." 

" Very true," replied our victim ; *' I was bom in the 

Indian Mutiny ; my mother was flying from ^ 

and I was born during the flight." 

" Your health has always been generally excellent, 
though you are subject to headaches ; you were, how- 

* It should be remarked that the following observations are 
from the hands of three separate ladies, all somewhat alike in 
disposition. For convenience sake, and so as not to publish a 
recognizable portrait, we condense th: trio in the subjoined 

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24 Introduction. 

ever, very ill at five years old, and at nineteen you 
nearly died of brain-fever." 

" Quite right, excepting that my first illness was at 
six instead of five." 

" Once in your life you were nearly drowned. In 
disposition you are bright and joyous, but if anything 
goes wrong, you worry over it for a long time instead 
of making the best of it You are very self-willed, and 
act on impulse ; it was this that made you crush your 
first and only love-affair. Please do not correct me — 
I am certain of it. You have no idea of time. Out- 
wardly you are exceedingly untidy; as a matter of 
fact, you always know exactly where everything is. 
You are by no means superstitious, and when I first 
broached this subject, you thought it interesting but 
silly, that was impulse ; your better reason now tells 
you that there is a great deal in it I think all I have 
said so far is correct." 

" I am afraid, and at the same time I am thankful, 
that it is." 

" Your line of fortune is well-marked ; your luck is 
principally derived fi*om your accident on the water 
somewhere, but though your heart and your common 
sense are good, your obstinacy and self-will will 
always be your worst enemies. Your life will be of 
average length; you will meet with an accident to 
your head at thirty-five ; you will go two long voyages ; 
and when you marry — as you will do — your family will 
be five in number. On the whole, I congratulate you 
on your past, present, and future." 

The past, which had been brought up to this lady, 
she admitted was perfectly accurate ; the future, as is 
usual, she refused to believe, but in after years she 

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Introduction. 25 

may see these pages and remember the occasion. 

She has just left England unexpectedly for , 

and thus the future begins to answer its foreshadowing 
in her hand. 

If the science whose action and results are illus- 
trated by the above citation of facts is merely an 
amusement, a frivolous charlatanry based on the 
doctrine of chances, it cannot fail to be pernicious in 
the extreme, and on that account ought to be put 
down by the highest authority, as tending towards 
popular scepticism and superstition; but if, on the 
other hand, the doctrines which it teaches and the 
principles which govern it are true, ought it not to 
receive greater credence and a more widespread 
indoctrination, for by its means the natural tendencies 
being discovered, the education may so be directed 
as to develop those tendencies, instead of crushing 
them, by a misconceived idea of the direction of the 
natural talents? 

Our fathers would, and did laugh the new-born 
science to scorn, but the increasing wisdom of gene- 
rations commences to look upon this and kindred 
subjects v/ith a less sceptic and more analytical eye. 
We say the "new-bom science,'* for although the 
science of Palmistry, in a greater or less state of 
development, has existed ever since the days of the 
ancient Egyptians, it is only comparatively recently 
that the exertions of such men as D'Arpentigny, the 
Chirognomist, and DesbaroUes, the Chiromant, have 
elevated the Science of the Hand to a position 
worthy the consideration of learned men. 

We consider that the time will come, nay, is not 
far distant, when all men will be imbued with the 

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26 Introduction. 

importance of this knowledge, for when a large 
number of men have proved, in their intercourse with 
their fellow-creatures, the importance and value of the 
advantage they derive over the rest by an acquaint- 
ance with such sciences as Chiromancy, Phrenology, 
and Physiognomy, the rest, to participate in those 
advantages, and in self-defence, will also acquire the 
requisite knowledge, and the affairs of the world will 
be based not on the account a man gives of himself, 
or gets given of himself by his friends, but by his 
true character, written in legible characters on his 
head, his face, and in his hands. 

Chirognomy especially is worthy of attention, for 
whilst it requires the submission of the person to be 
experimented on to effect a Phrenological or Chiro- 
mantic examination, the student of Chirognomy has 
only to glance at the hands of his neighbour, whether 
they be occupied or quiescent, to arrive at a complete 
analysis of the general outlines of his character^ 
Subsequently Chiromancy comes in and tells us the 
minute events which have passed in a lifetime, that 
is if the subject will surrender his hand, but the 
Chirognomist can measure an opponent and analyze 
a character without the subject of the scrutiny being 
even aware that he is undergoing an examination, and 
being read like an open book, as in the opening 
episode of the narrative which commences this Intro- 

It has often been remarked by men of science and 
religion, that it is not allowed to presumptuous Man 
to pry thus into the secrets of the Most High. To 
them we have always answered, as firm conviction 
has dictated, that an all-seeing Creator has not given 

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Introduction, 27 

us these indications to be passed over and not con- 
strued. ''In manu omnium Deus signa posuit ut 
noverint singuli opera sua," says Job (chap. 37, v. 7) ; 
but these revelations have not been given us to be 
dealt with lightly; they have been placed for our 
instruction and use, but veiled from crass intelli- 
gences, that man may by his own efiforts take advan- 
tage of the powers conferred upon him for his own 
protection and instruction, and that of those with 
whom his walk in life is cast 

" ; 

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' Manus membrum hominis loquacissimum." 



Chirognomy, understood as distinct from Chiro- 
mancy, is the science by which we can tell the 
dispositions, proclivities, characters, and occupations 
of those with whom we are thrown in contact, by the 
mere actual shape of the hands, their outward appear- 
ances, and the impressions they give to the senses of 
vision and touch. I^Arpentigny was the great high 
priest of this branch of the science (as Desbarrolles 
was of the other), and he divided all hands into seven 
categories, as follows : — 

1. The Elementary (or Large-palmed). 

2. The Necessary (or Spatulate). 

3. The Artistic (or Conical). 

4. The Useful (or Square). 

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32 Chirognomy. 

5. The Philosophical (or Knotty). 

6. The Psychic (or Pointed). 

7. The Mixed Hand. 

If the pahn of the hand is too meagre and narrow, 
it shows a feeble disposition, wanting in versatility or 
fertility of conception, a nature of weak passions, and 
without power ; if it is supple and of a thickness and 
size in proportion with the fingers and the rest of the 
body, it denotes aptitude and brightness of idea; if, 
though still supple, the mounds and general develop- 
ments are too marked and gross, it betrays sensuality 
and egotism ; and if at the other extreme it is too big, 
too fat and gross in itself, it indicates a character void 
of refinement, and instincts inclining to animality. 
This delicacy of hand or foot carries itself even to 
the lower animals, for whilst horses, asses, mules, 
cows, pigs, and other animals noted for their 
stupidity have but solid horn feet, the higher 
animals, and those possessing most instinct, such 
as the felidas, dogs, monkeys, and the like, have 
their feet more or less articulated and delicate as 
they stand higher or lower in the grade of animal 

The fingers, again, are smooth, or knotted, and, 
among the latter, some hands have fingers with two 
knots, and others with only one. If your second 
joints (/.^., those nearest the nails) are developed, you 
have a well-ordered mind ; if both joints are developed, 
this orderliness and method are the more pronounced. 
With both joints well developed you will be punctual, 
tidy, systematic, and methodical in your course of 
action. If you have no knots in your fingers, />., if 

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The Hand Generally, 33 

neither joint is developed, your natural tendency will 
be towards art, and your course of action will be 
rather inspired than reasoned out ; you will be guided 
by fancy and sentiment rather than knowledge. Good 
taste (intellectually) belongs to knotted fingers, natural 
grace to smooth. 

The fingers, whether knotted or smooth, have the 
third phalange (that which bears the nail) either 
pointed, conical, square, or spatulated. Take two 
hands both spatulated, but one smooth and the other 
knotty. Both subjects * will be active, will have an 
aptitude for physical activity, and an inclination to 
regard things from their useful, practical side. Both 
will appreciate things real^ physical force, calculation, 
sciences natural, experimental, and physical, and so 
on. But the subject with smooth fingers will succeed 
in these arts by inspiration, spontaneity, locomotion ; 
whilst the one with jointed or knotty fingers will suc- 
ceed by calculation, reasoning, and probability. 

Now take two other subjects : these have square 
tips to their fingers, but those of the one are smooth, 
and those of the other jointed. Both, by reason of 
the square fingers, have tastes for moral sciences, 
politics social and philosophical, didactic, dramatic 
and exact poetry, grammar, languages, logic — in fact, 
the lighter forms of things useful and practical They 
prefer that things should be exact and complete than 
grand and magnificent; they have an aptitude for 
business, respect of persons, positive but moderate 
ideas ; they like to discover rather than to imagine, to 

* By subject^ we indicate in the following pa^es the person 
being operated upon, i.e, submitting his or her hand to the 
Chiromantic examination. 


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34 Chirognomy, 

theorize rather than to act on impulse or by calcula- 
tion. They never attain the most glorious poetic 
flights, but they excel in literature, sciences, and the 
more exact arts. The subject with smooth fingers 
will pursue rather literature, considered cts literature 
only, and will pursue his tastes with spontaneity, 
whilst the one with knotted fingers will proceed as 
before by calculation and with reason, excelling in 
history, geography, social science, and the like. 

Given : two subjects, one spatulate, the other square, 
the former will be the more simple but the less polite ; 
he will have greater freedom but less elegance. 

Take now a subject having smooth fingers ending 
conically, or like a thimble. You will find the fine 
arts, sculpture, vigorous painting, and monumental 
architecture, imaginative but reasonable poetry, love 
of the beautiful from its sensible and reasonable point 
of view, romance, dislike of abstruse calculation, love 
of independence, enthusiasm sometimes subject to 
fantasy. If the hand, instead of being smooth, be 
knotty, you will find the same tendencies, but with 
more moral force and character. 

If knotted fingers have the outer phalange square 
and pointed, they indicate a nature prone to specula- 
tive ideas, meditation, and the most philosophical 
sciences. They indicate love of stem truth, poetry 
of reason and thought, logic, independence, religious, 
social, and political, deism, democracy and liberty. 
This is what we call the philosophic hand, and is more 
theoretical than practical. 

Here is another hand, this time with smooth 
fingers, and having the third phalange very pointed 
and drawn out. Here we have ideality, religion, and 

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The Hand Generally, 35 

contemplation in their highest development, indiflfer- 
ence to material interests, poetry of soul and heart, 
desire for love and liberty, adoration of the beautiful 
in the " hystericar* abstract. We call this the psychic 
hand, which is absolutely ideal and unpractical. 

It will be seen, therefore, that spatulate and 
square fingers monopolize matter and reality, ue. 
industries, and useful and necessary arts, action, theory 
based on fads, and intellectual science, whilst conical 
and pointed fingers indicate — the first ; art, by love of 
the beautiful in its actuaUty, and the second ; the true 
and beautiful, in their inner significance, and the most 
ideal and lofty poetry and idealism. 

A hand which is hard and stiff, and has a difiiculty 
in opening to its full extension, indicates obstinacy 
and stubbornness. A large hand indicates love of 
minutise and detail ; a medium hand takes in details, 
but also appreciates entirety. Amongst musical 
people the most correct and learned musicians have 
square fingers ; instrumentation, whether it be the art 
of performing, or composing for instruments, is in- 
variably found in spatulate fingers; whilst singers have 
nearly always the third phalange pointed. Thus it 
will be understood, that whilst knots beautify and 
improve a spatulate or square-fingered hand, on 
account of their natural usefulness and aptitude for 
combination, to have the joints largely developed 
would be a deformity and misfortune to a pointed 
or conical-fingered hand, seeing that the latter are 
devoted to the finer and more liberal arts, which 
necessarily succeed best when they are the offspring 
of inspiration and spontaneity. 

The inherent natural shape of a hand never alters. 

D 2 

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36 Chirognomy. 

Its concomitant conditions may be changed by the 
subject being forced into an occupation the opposite 
of his genius, inclination, and natural tendency, but 
the original aptitude, and the form of finger which 
denotes it, always remain. Thus : If a subject 
obviously inclined towards, and bom for, poetry or 
art be forced by circumstances to become an engineer, 
or to pursue any other practical employment, the hand 
will become hard, gross, and mechanical, but the 
pointed smooth shape will still remain undisguised. 

Take the absolute rustic, free as air, without thought 
or mental cares of any kind, his hand will be spatu- 
late or square, with large joints. Take the circus- 
rider, juggler, gymnast, dancer, rider, and so on, his 
hand will be either spatulate and smooth, or large and 
conical, and very hard, for these possess a kind of 
rugged, instinctive grace. Amongst literary men and 
women the hands will be formed according to the 
subjects on which, and the styles in which, they 

It would be easy to pursue this theme, had we time 
and space for it, ad infinitum ; but though we might 
make ourselves clearer on the subject, we should 
necessarily be obliged to repeat ourselves. An intel- 
ligent perusal and comprehension of this chapter will 
give the reader every necessary information concern- 
ing the palm and fingers of the hand, from a general 
point of view, so that we can now proceed to the con- 
sideration of the most important part of the hand, to 
which we shall devote an entire chapter, and that is 
The Thumb. 

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The Thumb. yj 



** In default of other proofs, the thumb would convince me of 
the existence of God." — Isaac Newton. 

The Thumb is the most essential part of the human 
hand, for without it the fingers would be comparatively 
useless. It is the thumb which constitutes the great 
difference between the hand of man and the foot of 
the higher animals ; the nearest approach to the 
human thumb, Le,, the monkey's, is short, and almost 
immobile, and, therefore, as compared with the 
human thumb, is almost reduced to the rank of a 
fifth finger, or nail. The ancient Romans used to 
denote a coward by the words " poUice truncatus " 
(a man with his thumb cut off), a term which had its 
origin in the practice of certain pusillanimous slaves, 
who used to cut off their thumbs to avoid being 
sent to the wars, they being considered unfit for any- 
thing after suffering this disfigurement ; and it is fi*om 
this phrase that is derived our English word pol- 
troon, through the French poltron. In the human 
thumb lie the indications of his will and intellect ; 
people who are bom idiots come into the world either 
without thumbs or with their thumbs quite abortive 
and useless. A baby, before it can exercise its will, 
it will be observed, always keeps its fingers closed 
over its thumbs, whereas a reasoning man, when 
exercising his will or determination, almost invariably 

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38 Chirognomy. 

closes his thumb across his fingers. Epileptic patients 
during their fits always fold their thumbs inside their 
hands ; indeed, the approach of their fits are often 
heralded by the preliminary folding of their thumbs ; 
and people at the approach of death almost always 
hide their thumbs in their hands. At the root of the 
thumb, says the twin science Chiromancy, (^,v. Mount 
of Venus), lie the indications more or less developed 
of a tendency to love ; and is not love only an exercise 
of the will, amounting to longing ? The first phalange 
we denominate the phalange of logic, /.^., perception, 
judgment, and reason, whilst in the second (or outer) 
phalange we look for the indications of will, inven- 
tion, decision, and prompt action. 

The Romans, again, to return to their recogni- 
tion of the thumb as an indication of will, used it in 
their gladiatorial displays, to show, by its erection or 
depression, their will concerning the defeated com- 
batant If the second or outer phalange of your 
thumb be narrow, mean, and short, your will is a 
weak one ; you are prone to accept received notions, 
to be guided by others; you are doubtful, uncertain, 
and indifferent. People whose thumbs are small are 
more sentimental than others whose thumbs are in 
proportion, or large, and they act more on impulse 
than reflexion; those whose thumbs are large have 
consequently exactly opposite characteristics. A large 
thumb usually indicates independence, a tendency 
towards despotism, presence of power, but power bom 
of force, not of charm. Following these reasonings 
you will find that persons with a taste for the occult 
sciences have large thumbs. 

Any one who has smooth fingers and a small thumb 

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Tlie Thumb, 39 

has (whatever may be the form of the third phalange 
of his fingers) an inborn tendency to poetry and art, 
though he may not have the talent to cultivate them. 
We know an eminent literary man whose ideas in 
general are of the most matter-of-fact description, 
who sits wrapt and spell-bound at hearing beautiful 
music or poetry, though he has not the least talent for 
either of these arts; his fingers are smooth, but 
spatulate with small thumbs. Subjects with conical 
or pointed fingers and large thumbs temper their 
idealism and art by deduction and reason ; in fact, 
their temperament resembles that of subjects with 
square-fingers, but a small thumb. 

Carrying, therefore, your mind back to what we 
said concerning the characteristics indicated by the 
forms of the fingers, you will arrive at this deduction, 
that the subject with smooth, conical, or pointed 
fingers will have the characteristics of that form the 
more strongly developed if he has also a small thumb, 
whilst the subject with knotted fingers, terminating 
squarely or in spatule, will be the more powerfully 
addicted to the tendencies of that form, if to them 
he adds a thumb which is large. Thus by their nature 
people with large thumbs can produce results unnatural 
to them more easily than those with small ; for example, 
a large-thumbed mechanican may bring himself to 
write poetry, but a small-thumbed poet can never be- 
come a practical calculator. 

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40 Chirognomy, 



By consistency, we mean the impression produced by 
a hand upon the sense of touch. Thus two hands 
may be of the same size and shape, the fingers of 
both formed and terminating in the same manner, 
but with this difference ; that one hand is soft and 
supple, whilst the other is firm, almost to hardness. 
Take two hands with spatulate fingers possess- 
ing this difference ; they both have the tendency 
towards action, but the soft hand will affect a temper- 
ate movement and activity, whilst the hard-handed 
subject will tend towards energy and powerful 
action. The soft-handed subject will be active, but 
take his full share of sleep, whilst the hard-handed 
one will rise with the lark to be up and doing. Take 
two artists in the same way ; the hard-handed one 
will execute works showing manly occupations and 
phases of life ; he of the soft hands will be less 
practical in his subjects, but more diverse, more 
proneto ideas of the moment and fancy, and possess 
more delicacy. People with soft hands always have 
the little fleshy ball on the face of the outer phalanges 
more developed, and this seems to give them better 
taste and tact. People with hard hands are seldom, 
if ever, polished and gentle in manner, but they are 
often good-natured and sensitive ; those with fat, soft 
hands are usually indolent^ luxurious, and of stagnant 

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The Consistency of Hands. 41 

intellect. As we grow old and careworn, our hands, 
as a rule, become hard, or, at least, firm-skinned and 
stiff. This is accounted for by the fact that our im- 
agination fades, our sense of the poetic and beautiful 
becomes less keen, and from artistic and imaginative 
amusements we turn to tastes for arrangement of 
house and home, gardening and the like ; and it is 
particularly noticeable, and always has been, that in 
numberless instances men with great intellects have, 
as their minds have faded, been taken with a love of 
manual labour, which shows itself in gardening par- 
ticularly, the hands becoming parchmenty and 
ossified, apart from the question of natural decay ; 
in the same way, as with age, our joints become more 
prominent, we get less open to impressions, less 
credulous, and more argumentative and logical. 

Subjects with hard hands are capable of true and 
ardent love, though they are seldom capable of much 
tenderness; smooth-handed people, on the other hand, 
are more capable of tenderness and affection than 
deep love. The beau ideal of a hand is that which 
is firm without being hard, and supple without being 
soft, such hands as this betoken a liberal intelligence 
and active mind, such subjects combine theory and 
practice ; and however much they may work with 
their fingers their hands hardly ever harden, and then 
only very slowly, whereas hands already very firm 
have a great tendency to become very hard. Accord- 
ing, therefore, to their temperament (shown in the 
consistency of their hands) people cultivate the talents 
and tendencies to which the formation of their fingers 
and hands generally incline them. 

A large, soft hand with spatulated fingers evidences 

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42 Chirognomy. 

a love of action, but not of its own activity. Such 
a subject enjoys looking on at reviews, at athletics, 
and at games of skill without taking part in them ; he 
likes to read books of travels and adventures, but 
does not embark upon them himself. 

Thus, therefore, it will be seen that though the 
forms of the hand betoken certain tastes and 
characteristics, we must look to the consistency of the 
hand to see how those tastes are cultivated, and how 
those characteristics develop themselves. Having 
now discussed the characteristics of various hands, 
we will proceed to consider the seven types which, 
following D'Arpentigny, we set down categorically at 
the beginning of these chapters on Chirognomy. 



I. The Elementary Hand (Fig. i). — The 
characteristics of this hand are thick, stiff fingers, 
a short thumb, generally turned back, large, broad, 
and thick palm, very hard. Such is the hand of the 
labourer, the stableman, the soldier who fights only 
for fighting's sake, the colonist who merely exists in 
a foreign clime by the sweat of his brow. Such sub- 
jects understand nothing but the grossly material 
aspect of things; they are inaccessible to reason, 
their virtues are negative, they conform to rules from 

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Fig. I. 

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Tlie Seven Types of Hands, 45 

sheer want of originality. Such a hand betrays 
heaviness of soul, sluggish imagination, and complete 
indifference. The Laplanders are almost without 
exception of this type ; amongst the warm, intelligent, 
poetic East Indians this type is practically unknown. 
As a matter of fact, in warm latitudes (such as ours) 
the hand absolutely elementary is exceedingly rare, 
excepting among the Tartars and Sclavs, whose 
instincts and ferocity are merely brutal The subject 
with elementary hands is subject to superstitions more 
or less poetic, according as the fingers are more or 
less conic ; and they, of all other types, succumb 
most readily to griefs and disappointments, being 
utterly void of resources. 

II. The Spatulate Hand (Fig. 2). — First take 
a spatulate hand with a big thumb. This sub- 
ject is resolute rather than resigned, and is always 
ready to take measures to avert the ills which flesh is 
heir to, of which measures the conic hand knows 
nothing. He has great confidence in himself, and 
there is this great difference between the Elementary 
and the Spatulate Hand — the former seeks only the 
necessary, the latter desires and strives after abun- 
dance. The spatulate subject possesses the instinct 
of self-preservation highly developed, and he rules the 
world of things material by natural intelligence and 
material instinct. Such a subject, having senses more 
active than delicate, finds it easier to be constant and 
faithful in love than it is for souls inclined to poesie : 
he is, in fact, more amenable to duty and custom 
than sensitive to the charms of youth and beauty. 
Fingers smooth, but spatulate indicate an appreciation 
for elegance as well as comfort ; but an appreciation 

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46 Chirognomy, 

of fashionable rather than artistic elegance. Such 
hands are commoner in Scotland than in England^ 
in England than in France, and in France than in 
Spain, as also they are commoner in mountainous 
than in plane countries. People with spatulated 
fingers make excellent colonists, for they are not 
rendered flighty by tastes for poetry and art ; they 
only become attached to the ground on account of its 
products ; they love manual labour and action of all 
kinds ; they suffer unless they have abundance, but do 
not seek after superfluous advantages, for they are 
only very moderately sensual, and are more prone to 
be greedy than epicurean. Their love of locomotion 
reconciles them to their self-imposed exile, ready for 
all events, and accustomed to count on themselves ; 
they have no objection to solitude, and they are 
clever at all physical sciences, attaching themselves 
in life only to those things that are immovable and 

The spatulate fingered subject admires architecture 
for its quantity rather than its quality, preferring the 
immense to the beautiful. He likes to be astonished, 
and to contemplate works which make him think of 
the immense amount of physical labour which must 
have been employed to construct them. The artist 
is sunk in the artisan, opulence predominates over 
luxury; wherever this type is found, /.^., the large 
hand with spatulate fingers and a large thumb, these 
same predilections will be the guiding rule of that 
subject's life, the useful rather than the ornamental, 
the necessary rather than the superfluous, the actual 
rather than the ideal. If the thumb be small their 
active physical instincts will be more unrestrained but 

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Fig. 2. 

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Tlu Seven Types of Hands. 49 

less pronounced and forcible, partaking more of the 
nature of the square hand {q.v,\ 

III. The Artistic Hand (Fig. 3). — This 
hand has three tendencies, which are very dif- 
ferent to one another, but only marked by slight 
distinctions in the hand itself. These are: — (i.) A 
supple hand and a small thumb with a medium palm 
indicating love of beauty, and particularly of form, 
(ii.) Large, short, and thick with a large thumb be- 
trays a desire for riches, fortune, and greatness, (iii.) 
Large and very firm hands mean a tendency to sensu- 
ality. All three are governed by inspiration, and are 
ill-adapted to the mechanical arts. The first is 
actuated by enthusiasm, the second by stratagem and 
scheme, and the third by the suggestion of pleasure. 
Barring these differences of characteristic, the tenden- 
cies of these hands are the same, though the most 
characteristic is that which has the fingers large at the 
first phalange and narrowing to a more or less obtuse 
cone. The thumb is small and the palm is moderately 
developed. Such a subject will attach himself, by 
instinct and without consideration, to the beautiful 
aspect of ideas and things ; he will prefer the orna- 
mental to the useful without much regard for reality, 
greedy of leisure, novelty, and liberty ; at the same 
time ardent and timid, humble and vain, he is ener- 
getic and impulsive rather than powerful or forcible ; 
his spirits are apt to plunge from ecstasy to despair, 
unable to command, but incapable of obedience ; he is 
attracted rather than led by duty. He is enthusiastic 
and cannot put up with the restraints of regular, and 
what we might call, domestic life ; his thoughts are 
sentiments rather than ideas ; light-hearted and original 


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50 Chirognomy. 

he has generally a warm imagination, but a cold heart. 
Such a combination of unrestrained instincts of 
pleasure and want of moral stamina is therefore the 
character of artists in general, or, at any rate, those 
who live only for their art. They only have to like a 
thing to adore it ; they submit, as a rule, to faith and 
orthodoxy because thus they are saved the trouble of 
reasoning ; but they are intolerant of political des- 
potism, because of the actual restraints it places upon 
them. This love of art is the first emotion to which 
an uncultivated mind is amenable ; a love of form and 
beauty often exists among savage tribes who are 
wanting in the utter rudiments of civilization, and for 
this reason it is the most engrossing and powerful of 
all human tendencies ; races who are too lazy to 
cultivate any other taste cling tenaciously to and 
highly develop this one ; it is thus that among the 
ignorant artistic peasantry of Southern Europe that 
this type of hand, modifying the elementary type, is 
so largely prevalent. It is among people possessing 
these hands that we often find subjects possessing 
only the evil propensities of their t)rpe, sensuality, 
laziness, egotism, singularity, cynicism, love of dissi- 
pation, intellectual incapacity, sharpness, and tendency 
to falsehood and exaggeration. Love, which is not a 
matter of the senses, such as filial, fraternal, and 
paternal affection, is rare among hands of this class, 
and belongs principally to square and spatulate 

IV. The Useful Hand (Fig. 4) is of medium 
size, but inclining to large, the joints of the fingers 
developed, and the outer phalange square, the thumb 
large, and developed at the root, the palm of medium 

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Fig. 3. 


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The Seven Types of Hands, 53 

size, hollowed and firm. Perseverance, foresight, 
order, and submission to rule, all qualities conspicu- 
ous by their absence in the artistic hand, are par- 
ticularly the characteristics of the useful hand, />., 
that hand whose leading feature is the square tips of 
its fingers. To organize, classify, and regulate is their 
province ; with them the beautiful and true are sub- 
ordinate to theory and rule ; they have a strong love 
of similitude and uniformity as opposed to the change 
and contrast, which is the delight of the conical- 
fingered hand ; they appreciate the differences in 
things apparently similar and the points of resem- 
blance in things outwardly dissimilar. They are apt 
to confuse discipline and civilization, compulsory 
order and the order of common consent ; they only 
act on the promptings of sense and reason, and are 
consequently often somewhat narrow-minded. They 
are polite and courteous by reason of their respect of 
persons and their sense of order and the fitness of 
things ; their literature is precise and careful, their 
poetry rythmic and complete, in language they use 
terms more generic than distinctive, /.^., they will say 
" dog" rather than " mastiff," " terrier," " beagle," or 
as the case may be ; " ship " rather than " frigate," 
" man-o'-war," " brig," and so on. Their books are 
and must be clear and correct in their expositions, 
leaving nothing to the imagination, and being well 
arranged and indexed. Cautious and far-seeing, they 
like what is known, but suspect what is undefined ; 
their ideas being moderate they prefer the real to the 
apparently real ; they incline to men of good sense 
more than to men of genius, and are more noted for 
spirit and talent than for imaginative faculties ; their 

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54 Chirogfiomy. 

moral axioms are that the good is better than the 
beautiful, and the useful is better than both. These 
qualities are apt to become despotic in the hold they 
have over these subjects, leading them into hypocrisy, 
which is the result of morbid love of reserve, regu- 
larity of conduct, and personal respect, coldness which 
they mistake for moderation, flattery and adulation 
to which they are peculiarly susceptible, stiffness of 
manner, unbending punctuality, and steady but sup- 
pressed ambition. For his friends such a subject 
chooses men cultivated, disciplined, and, so to speak, 
modelled on a correct pattern. 

Such subjects prefer privilege to liberty ; they are 
prepared to submit to the authority of rank, birth, 
law and custom, and they like to feel and make 
others feel the check-string. The man with large 
square hands is always neat, well brushed and but- 
toned up, or else carefully nkgligt ; he is regular in his 
meals, and does not eat at odd hours ; his mind will 
be just and equally balanced, but he will not be bril- 
liant There is this difference between the spatulate 
and the square hand. Both like and respect autho- 
rity, but the former will be fond of the ruler indi- 
vidually, whilst the latter admires and respects the 
institution of authority itself. The artistic hand only 
admires regularity when it is subservient to, and a 
component part of, a beautiful whole ; the useful hand 
only admires the beautiful when that beauty is the 
result of regularity. Thus, therefore, it will be seen 
that though the useful hand is the most desirable, 
from a worldly point of view, it is neither so happy 
as the artistic, nor so conscientious and indepen- 
dent as the spatulate, but it is the square fingers 

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Fig. 4. 

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The Seven Types of Hands, 57 

of the useful hand which govern almost the entire 

V. The Philosophic Hand (Fig. 5). — Palm 
medium size and pliable, the fingers knotted, and 
the third phalange an obtuse cone verging on the 
square, having a sort of oval, clubbed appearance, 
consequent on the development of the second joint ; 
the thumb large, having its two phalanges of equal 
length, indicating an equal share of will and logic. 
The distinguishing characteristic of this particular 
form of exterior phalange or finger-tip, semi-square 
and semi-conical, is an innate tendency to search after, 
a love for, the absolute truth and reality of things. 
The developed joints of the philosophic hand give 
it calculation, deduction and method, the semi- 
conical shape of the fingers indicates an intuition of 
poetic instinct Such a subject prefers reality to 
beauty, and cause rather than effect ; is gifted with an 
enthusiasm for moral, experimental and philosophic 
sciences ; has a leaning towards analysis, i.e,^ he likes 
to sound the meaning and cause of his sensations 
and ideas, the problems of creation and the origin of 
things ; he does not hold his opinions, belief and 
ideas at second-hand, but only after having turned 
them over, viewed them from all sides, and examined 
them thoroughly. He is governed by reason rather 
than by faith or love, sacrificing to reason all such 
minor considerations as custom and fashion; this 
guiding influence imbues him with a love of ethics, 
and political and social economy, often leading him 
to scepticism and heresy, but never to fanaticism. 
He is open to doubt, but does not object to being so ; 
he considers things in detail, and also in mass ; indivi- 

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S8 Chirogttomy. 

duals and also communities ; he studies both the rule 
and its exceptions ; the order, which is an inherent 
quality in him, shows itself in classifying rather than 
in arranging, /.^., he will separate things according to 
to their character and nature rather than by their 
size and appearance ; he pays no attention to vain 
scruples, superstitious terrors, and is moderate in his 
pleasures. Thus it will be seen that reason is the 
principal characteristic of this hand; it will take 
nothing on trust ; at the same time there is a refine- 
ment, an appreciation of the beautiful, indicated by 
the semi-conic formation of the fingers. It has the 
actuality and truth of the spatulate hand without its 
stubbornness and lack of refinement ; it has the 
analysis of the square hand without its insincerity, 
and the refinement of the conic hand without its 
flightiness and selfishness. Its motto is "Modera- 
tion in all things, and truth in alL" 

VI. The Psychic Hand (Fig. 6).— This is 
the rarest and most beautiful hand of all. In pro- 
portion to the formation of the subject whose it is, 
it is small ; the palm is of medium size, the fingers 
without knots, the third phalange long and pointed, 
the thumb small and well shaped. If the hand is 
large and the joints are developed, it has more force 
than is usual, but not so much originality. Such 
subjects are guided by the ideal, by the sublime; and 
by the soul. They worship at the shrine of beauty 
and imagination, and are the exact opposite of the 
philosophical-handed subject. Such subjects never 
become rulers or statesmen ; their idealism and love 
of the beautiful unreal raises them above such ambi- 
tion ; in strife they disdain small achievements, em- 

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Fig. 5. 

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The Seven Types of Hands, 6i 

barking enthusiastically on the most forlorn hopes, 
spurred to victories by their fervour of soul and not 
by their activity of body. Some writers have claimed 
these hands as the exclusive inheritance of the nobly 
bom. This is a great and incomprehensible mistake ; 
for though it is always rare, it is found among all 
classes, sometimes among the lowest, where it is 
crushed and disdained, by reason of its inability to 
force itself to manual labour. Artistic hands seek 
imagination and art everywhere, useful hands seek 
arrangement and rule, philosophic hands seek human 
reason ; to psychic hands is reserved the privilege of 
a search after ethical divine reason in its highest 
development ; theirs is the faculty for striving after 
purity and right in the abstract, apart from any ques- 
tions of convenience. It would be easy to rhapso- 
dize over the advantages, the psychical aesthetic 
advantages, of this type ; but alas 1 beautiful as it is, 
innately grand as it is, its impracticability keeps it 
back in the great race of life. Beautiful in itself it 
refines us, us of the more worldly types, but without 
us it could not live. Such natures we must work to 
support for the privilege of having them amongst us ! 
VII. The Mixed Hand (Fig. 7).— This is 
the name of a rather common and rather confusing 
type, and is the name we give to a hand when, 
by the confusion of the forms represented in it, 
it seems to belong to two different types. Thus, 
for instance, if in a spatulate hand the type is so 
slightly marked as to be easily mistaken for a square 
hand ; or an elementary conic hand which may be 
mistaken for an artistic hand \ or a highly developed 
anistic hand which may be mistaken for a psych' 

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62 Chirognamy. 

hand ; a philosophic for a useful and so on, and in 
all cases vice versL Such hands partake of the 
nature of both types represented, or quasi-repre- 
sented. It is to such hands as these that we must 
look for intelligence in mixed works, intermediate 
ideas and sciences, which require more than mere 
science to elucidate them ; such as administration, 
the theory of commerce, arts which may be called 
impoetic, the beauty and actuality of industry and 
labour, and the art of making the best of, and most out 
of, everything. Such hands generally indicate that 
the subject is (as our proverb puts it) " Jack-of-all- 
trades, master of none ; " />., they are handy and 
clever at innumerable pursuits, but they seldom excel 
greatly in any one ; as I have said just above, their 
capacity for " making the best of it " and their general 
moral indifference standing in the way of excellence 
in any one line. They have this great difference 
from subjects whose hands are of a particular type ; 
these last have talents more pronounced than ver- 
satile; people whose hands are mixed are more 
versatile than individual. The former are instructive 
to talk to, the latter amusing ; the latter succeed best 
when their most pronounced talent is assiduously 
cultivated, in which case they succeed enormously. 

Take, for instance, the example we have given in 
Fig. 7. This is what we might call the artistico- 
elementary hand. This ugly-looking hand, less 
supple and more thick than the true artistic hand, 
has not, however, the largeness, the grossness and 
extreme hardness of the true elementary hand. 
The fingers are big, smooth (sometimes with one 
joint swollen ; not developed, but swollen), the thumb 

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Fig. 6. 

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The Seven Types of Hands. 6$ 

big, and the general character of the hand conical. 
Such a subject is greedy but avaricious, i.e., he is sen- 
sual, but he only gratifies his sensuality when he 
can do so at a small expense ; he is moral, but without 
principle ; he keeps the law, but is not ethically just ; 
he is sanctimonious, perchance bigoted, without being 
pious ; though he is hardy he will not endure hard- 
ships which bring him no corresponding advantage. 
Such a hand closes easily, but opens with difficulty ; 
this is the case, metaphorically as well as actually ; it is 
not apt at hard work, or manual labour, but it excels 
at scheming, arranging and negotiating for its own 
advantage, the manual labours of others. 

Other varieties of the mixed hand it would be easy 
to enumerate, had we space and time ; and did we 
not think that the dissertations we have already given 
on the various types will enable the reader easily to 
decipher, or imagine such for himself, such would be 
the psychico-elementary hand, whose characteristics 
would be a high intelligence and love of art, but an 
ignorant indifference to things real, and so on ; but in 
all cases what virtues or good qualities they possess 
are traceable, so to speak, to an intellectual torpor. 

Thus far have we deemed it necessary to con- 
sider and discuss the sister science of Chirognomy 
before proceeding to the consideration of the actual 
science of Chiromancy. It is most important to 
be well grounded in Chirognomy before studying 
Chiromancy, and for obvious reasons. Before you 
can tell a man his instincts, habits of life, his past, 
his present and his probable future, it is of the highest 
importance that you should have a clear insight 


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66 Chirognomy. 

into his character and tendencies ; and, again, as we 
have said in our introduction (s.v,\ Chirognomy may 
be practised without the subject being a consenting 
party, whilst Chiromancy necessitates, at the least, a 
close examination of the hand. Before, however, pro- 
ceeding on our way, we shall pause a few moments 
to make a few remarks, which seem to us to be 
necessary, on the subject of Sex. 



The characteristics of each type, as we have enumer- 
ated them, apply to women as well as to men, though 
we have, for convenience sake, made use throughout 
of the masculine pronoun ; at the same time, there 
are certain modifications which seem to require 
exposition; as, for instance, the square spatulate 
types are much less pronounced in woman than in 
man, a fact shown by the greater suppleness and 
elasticity of the female hand in general, consequent 
on the differences existing between the male and 
female dispositions. The man creates, but the woman 
develops ; to man belongs the faculty of principle, to 
woman the gift of form j our laws are made by man, 
but our morals by woman ; and it has been justly 
said that man is the spirit of the woman, but woman 

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Fig. 7. 

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fi'^iles them to thei*r^ 
'^"^'* and accu5to>^ • 

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iections ^ <>^ - 1 3J1. 
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'es of Hands. 6i 

the most forlorn hopes, 
• fer\'Our of soul and not 
ome writers have claimed 

inheritance of the nobly 
icomprehensible mistake ; 
3, it is found among all 

the lowest, where it is 

reason of its inability to 
ur. Artistic hands seek 
vhere, useful hands seek 
sophic hands seek human 

reserved the privilege of 

ne reason in its highest 

faculty for striving after 

act, apart fix)m any ques- 
vould be easy to rhapso- 
, the psychical aesthetic 
It alas ! beautiful as it is, 

impracticability keeps it 
life. Beautiful in itself it 
vorldly tj^s, but without 

natures we must work to 

having them amongst us ! 
>fD (Fig. 7). — This is 

ion and rather confusing 
give to a hand when, 

forms represented in it, 
diflferent types. Thus, 

.te hand the type is so 

ily mistaken for a square 

lie hand which may be 

; or a highly developed 

mistaken for a psychic 

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The Female Hand. 69 

is the soul of the man. Few women have their joints 
developed, so few women have the faculty of com- 
bination; in intellectual occupations they choose 
generally those requiring more tact than science, 
more activity of mind than of body, more imagination 
than judgment ; if their hands are knotty, their in- 
tellects are, so to speak, diluted ; they are then less 
impressionable, and less given to the inspirations of 
fancy. Women may be divided by this our science 
into two classes: those with large and those with 
small thumbs j the first, more intelligent than sensi- 
tive, have a natural taste for history and similar 
studies ; the second, more sensitive than intellectual, 
prefer romance. Consideration and clear headed- 
ness is the gift of those with large thumbs ; love with 
them is more a matter of head than heart, but it is 
also more free and faithful, and a large-thumbed 
woman is never a coquette. With those who have a 
small thumb, on the contrary, love is their all in all, 
and though they are not so clever, they are infinitely 
more fascinating. The cares of womanhood, the 
sympathy which is natural to her, and the troubles of 
maternity, all require and enforce a high degree of 
intelligence ; therefore the elementary hand is of ex- 
tremely rare occurrence among women ; and in com- 
munities where the men represent for the most part 
this type the empire of woman is supreme. Man under 
these circumstances is dead to the charms of youth, 
and nearly always marries a woman older than him- 
self, to be governed by her. 

English women usually have the exterior phalange 
delicately squared, consequent on their willingness 
to adopt household cares. The women of the Oriental 

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70 Chirognomy. 

harems, on the other hand, devoted unto death, have, 
generally, small slim hands, with small thumbs. Such 
women as Charlotte Corday, Sophie de Condorcet, and 
Lucile Desmoulins, women whose very souls were per- 
meated only with one feverish ideal, had very pointed 
fingers. Take a woman with rather spatulate fin- 
gers and a small thumb ; such a woman has an un- 
limited fimd of affection and fi-eedom of soul, love of 
activity, and knowledge of real life ; she loves and 
understands horses, and all other animals ; her ideas 
are practical and useful. The woman with square 
fingers and a small thumb will have everything in her 
house orderly and punctual, but without tyranny or 
despotism ; by her example she keeps all things neat 
and under control. If she have a large thumb, it 
indicates a virago, tyrannical towards her servants and 
towards her children ; at the same time, the square 
phalange may indicate narrow-mindedness, prudish- 
ness, and fussiness if the hand inclines to hardness. 
Little, soft, supple hands, with marked joints, and a 
pretty colour, indicate sharpness, vivacity and bril- 
liancy; love with them must be gay, for their sole 
object is to be merry. If a woman have hands with 
a strong palm, conic fingers, and a small thumb, they 
are most accessible to rhetoric and the fervid language 
of love, which explains, palliates, extols all things ; 
to please them you must be brilliant, for they prefer 
oratory and persuasion to logic and sound sense. 
Delicate, smooth-pointed fingers, with a little thumb 
and a narrow elastic palm, proclaim an indolent en- 
thusiasm ; such women are governed more by heart 
than by sense and spirit ; they do not care about the 
realities of life and conventional duties; they are 

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The Female Hand. ji 

pious, but hardly devoted ; enthusiastic in spirit, but 
not in body. 

Thus, it will be seen that, though the types have 
much the same characteristics among women as 
among men, yet, to read the character of a woman, 
as shown by her hand, requires more tact and self- 
confidence than is required in reading that of a man. 
But, without multiplying instances, we hope that the 
notes contained in this chapter may aid the would- 
be Chiromant to analyse and discern these differences ; 
and having shortly enumerated the points of impor- 
tance to be remembered with regard to Chirognomy, 
we may safely launch the reader upon the more tem- 
pestuous and dangerous sea of Chiromancy. 

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** Chiromancy hath these aphorisms to foretell melancholy. " 




All hands have lines inscribed upon them. Let any 
number of individuals assemble, and if they inspect 
their palms, or have impressions taken of them, they 
will not find two pairs of hands exactly alike in many 
thousands of individuals. The right and left hands 
may be, and are frequently, almost similar in the same 
person, though as a general rule the right hand 
possesses dissimilarities which correct and control 
the indications of the left, and vice versd; but the 
hands of any two individuals will vary as much as 
their other features. 

There are certain conditions to be observed by any 
one who wishes to examine the hand of a friend, with 

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^6 Chiromancy. . 

a view to reading his disposition or probable future. 
For instance, the hands examined should be per- 
fectly dean. They should not be inspected im- 
mediately after a full meal, or after strong exercise, 
for then they will appear heated, and the lines will 
appear more reddened than is natural. For the same 
reason they should not be in summer too warm, nor, 
for a different reason, too cold in winter ; for, in the 
latter case, the natural heat being extracted, a pale- 
ness is noticeable, which would not under normal 
conditions exist Wine and good food excite the 
body, and naturally influence the palms of the hands. 

Besides these very obvious precautions, others 
should be observed with reference to the sex, age, and 
constitution of the person who is under inspection. 
These conditions being observed by a skilful practi- 
tioner, he will be enabled to make a very excellent 
report upon the past, present, and future of the 
subject under examination ; a report which, however 
unpalatable to the listener, or however agreeable to 
his vanity, will be absolutely true in all essential par- 
ticulars. The hand has been compared, and rightly 
compared, to a looking-glass, and we can see our- 
selves as others see us— or do nof see us, as we may, 
perhaps, thankfully remember. 

Later on we will give a few instructions for the mode 
of proceeding. Just now we will quote a celebrated 
Chiromant, whose claims are by no means exaggerated. 
He says : — 

"Give me the hand of an artist of talent, and with- 
out ever having seen his pictures, I will tell him 
whether he prefers form or colour ; if he cares for 
details, or is satisfied with the massive ; whether he 

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The Hand and its Markings. yy 

works by reflection, or by inspiration; whether he 
prefers the imitation of nature, or works of imagina- 
tion I will predict for him a greater or less 

degree of success, or a greater or less degree of fame. 
.... I will tell a physician how he treats his patients, 
what is his method of ascertaining a disease, whether 
by inspiration or reflection, or by tracing events to 
their cause." 

This, perhaps, may appear to some an impossibility, 
but such a knowledge of mankind is within the 
reach of all who will carefully study the science, 
which we cajonoi fully unfold within the limits of this 
little volume. But sufficient will be found for all 
ordinary purposes of general Chiromancy ; and the 
reader may, in a reasonable time, and with a good 
memory, read, mark, and learn from many hands 
the events of many lives, and the disposition of his 
relatives and friends, as well as his own chances. 
Modem Chiromants will not pay much attention 
to the conditions we have enumerated, and so 
they may make mistakes, and nothing in the whole 
world is easier than to err in reading a hand 
when the reader is inexperienced I Now for a few 

Let the hand be gently contracted, not held 
out flat, the muscles relaxed so that the hand is as 
"flabby" as possible. The left hand is first in- 
spected, then compared with the right. The colour 
of the hand is important. Paleness is not always 
a good sign. " It denoteth an evil temperament " in 
those lines which look otherwise coloured, for " red- 
ness in some lines signifies evil, and paleness good." 
(Old tradition.) 

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78 Chiromancy. 

Strongly-marked lines in a female hand are held 
generally to indicate a virago. 

The hands must be considered as to quantity and 
their proportions to the body, and whether they be 
longer or shorter than they ought to be. The fingers 
also must have attention ; for instance, a long palm 
with gross fingers denotes a dull and heavy person. 
Long slender hands denote a tyrannical disposition, 
and, according to some old authorities, the amount 
of hair upon the back of them is significant of a 
good temperament or of an unstable one, according 
as the hirsuteness be less or more. {Vide supra 
" Chirognomy," Ch. I.) 

The parts of the hand for our investigation are 
divided, and when it is extended open we find the 
Volay or inner part of the hand, where the lines are ; 
TuberculUy or rising parts; the Ferriens, or smiting 
part * ; the Cavea^ or hollow; and the Mensa, or table. 
The five fingers, viz., the Pollex or thumb, the Index 
or fore-finger, the Medius or middle finger, the 
Annularius or ring finger, and the Auricularis or little 
finger, have each a bearing on the question. In 
fine, the elements to be considered are the thumb, 
fingers, joints, lines, and the rising parts, or mountains 
of the hand. 


Before proceeding to explain the mounds of the 
hand we will make a few observations concerning the 
division of the palm, and the curious deductions 

* Called also the ** Percussion." 

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Fig. 8. 

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The Palm of the Hand, 8i 

which writers have made from it We shall soon see 
that the hand is divided into three zones or parts, 
which are bounded by certain lines to be hereafter 

Our readers will perceive, when they consider the 
qualities attributed to certain mounts, that the upper 
or northern divisions of the hand contain all the 
manly, aggressive and hardy qualities. The male 
portion or the upper part ( Vide Fig. 8) have industry 
in Mercury ; art based on sciences in Apollo \ ambi- 
tion and force in Jupiter ; in the three first fingers, or 
rather in their bases. Mark this and continue. 

Let us look now at the southern or female side — 
the lower portion of the hand. Here we have 
sensuality, imagination, love, and various feminine 
attributes as distinguished from hardiness and 
aggressiveness. This is evident. 

Now compare the inhabitants of the North and 
South countries of the world. Do we not find the 
hardy Norseman and the sensuous Southerner, the 
worldng, energetic Northerner, and the siesta-loving 
Southerner? In the one case we have the worker, in 
the other the dilettante^ the manly qualities as a rule 
in one, the feminine or easy-going attributes in the 
other. This is, at any rate, a curious coincidence, 
and is really no coincidence. It is nature — Provi- 
dence — what you will. The fact remains ; and tha. 
hand of man is held up in the great concourse oT 
the world to confirm the testimony of the Creator — 
nothing is in vain. 

It is scarcely necessary to pursue this particular 
portion of the subject farther. M. DesbarroUes, in 
his exhaustive treatise upon the " Mysteries of the 


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82 Chiromancy. 

Hand," gives reasons for assigning also the terms 
east and west to the two sides of the hand, and 
argues from Europe to America. We will not follow 
him across the Atlantic to what he terms the " home 
of Egotism ;" and " Egotism is the death of Art" 
He looks upon the Western Continent apparently as 
a kind of Moon which is illuminated by the Sun 
of the East, but when once the Sun disappears the 
Moon will cease to shine; it has no light of its own. 
" The future is not in the West ; the end is there." 
He winds up somewhat bitterly — 

" On a dit ' la jeune Amerique ' ! " 

" Oil est sa jeunesse ? OU est sa naivete, son ^lan, 
sa tendresse ? Qu'a-t-elle de jeune ? EUe a pris tout 
d'un coup les cheveux blancs de civilization ; la cor- 
ruption. EUe a tous les vices du vieillard sceptique 
et dess&h^, et elle aspire \ commander le monde. 
Allons done ! C'est la tete qui commande, parfois 
c*est le coeur, mais ce n'est jamais le bras ! " 

The chief points of the hand being now, we hope, 
understood, we wiU proceed to examine the " Mounts " 
and the " Lines " in their order. 

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Fig. 9. 


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Tlie Mounds of tJte Hand, 85 



The most casual observer of his hand will notice 
that at the base of each finger in the palm of the 
hand is a mound or rising, or a depression. ( Vide 
Fig. 9.) Each of these corresponds to a planet, and 
the star may be fortunate or unfortunate according 
to its development, and to the corresponding in- 
fluences of the lines and marks or signs.* The 
thumb is most important ; round its mount runs the 
line of life; the thumb in Chiromancy is the life, 
and its influence may be benefited or counteracted 
by the other little hills which the hand is heir to. 
The mount of the thumb is sacred to Venus, ( Vide 
supra^ " Chirognomy," Ch. II.) 

The mounts beneath the four fingers are — com- 
mencing with the Inditx— Jupiter, Saturn, Apollo 
(the Sun), Mercury, The Mount of Mars is at the 
side of the hand opposite the thumb, immediately 
below the Mount of Mercury. The Mount of the 
Moon is beneath Mars at the base of the hand 
opposite the Mount of Venus. We may again ob- 
serve that the upper or north of the hand is Male, 
the lower portion, near the wrist, the southern or 
female part. The accompanying diagram and the 

* We use the customary planetary terms, because they serve 
to elucidate our meaning, and distinguish different characteristics, 
but it must not be supposed that we mix astrology and such- 
like charlatanism with our Science. 

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86 Chiromancy, 

frontispiece will assist our readers in determining the 
various positions of the mounds. 

It may be accepted that when the various hills are 
properly placed in the positions indicated, they argue 
the possession of the qualities belonging to each 
planet. For instance, Jupiter indicates pride, Saturn 
fatality, Apollo art or riches, Mercury science or wit. 
Mars self-restraint or perhaps cruelty, the Moon 
folly or imagination, Venus, love, even to excess and 
ill-regulated passion. 

We must also understand that when these mounds 
are very slight, their absence indicates the want of the 
quality in question — a cavity means that a correspond- 
ing fault is inherent, while a great excess is equally a 
defect unless counteracted by the influence of the 
lines. Perhaps a classification of the various qualities 
of the mounts and their possible meanings will be 
more intelligible than a long explanation. Let us 
commence with the Thumb, the seat of affection. 
" C'est Tamour qui fait toumer le monde." 

The Mount of Venus is at the root of the 
thumb. The line of Life encircles it as a river flows 
beneath a mountain. " Life is dependent on Love.*' 
The presence of the mount supposes grace, beauty, 
melody in music, dancing, a desire to please, tender- 
ness, politeness, and kindred social virtues which 
attract the opposite sex. The absence of the Mount 
does not necessarily indicate vice, but it argues want 
of energy, selfishness, coldness, and want of soul 
generally. In excess it portends vanity, license, idle- 
ness, faithlessness, coquetry, &c, to an extent com- 
mensurate with the abnormal development, if un- 
checked by religion and good sense. 

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Fig. la 

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The Mounds of the Hand, 89 

The Mount of Jupiter beneath the Index- 
finger may mean ambition, honour, religion, love of 
Nature, and happy marriage ; all good qualities, with 
cheerfulness in social life. 

The absence of the Mount means opposite qualities, 
such as idleness, vulgar tendencies, egotism, and so 
on. In excess we may look for superstition, the excess 
of religious fervour, pride, domineering tendencies, 
and so on. 

The Mount of Saturn beneath the middle 
finger is very significant. Our line of Fate reaches 
up to Saturn, so Saturn comes to mean Fate. He 
may indicate prudence and sagacity, or the very 
opposite, when present. His meaning must be read 
"between the lines." The absence of Saturn's hill 
tells of misfortune or a wasted existence. The excess 
of it sadness and taciturnity, fear of future punish- 
ment, and even suicidal mania ; general depression 
of spirits, with asceticism or morbidness in re- 

The Mount of the Sun — Apollo — under the 
Ring finger, is predicative of taste in the arts ; intelli- 
gence, genius, and a general tendency to look upon 
the sunny side of existence. A beauty and grace of 
heart and mind are present, too, with good religious 
tolerance and tendencies. A very excellent mound 
indeed. In excess we may imagine whither Apollo 
will lead us. He will give us a taste for display, for 
too easy-going manners, for exaggerated tendencies 
of a warm heart, and exaggeration generally, accord- 
ing to the modifications of the lines of the hands. 
Absent; the Sun's departure will render us cold, 
content with a material existence, with no taste for 

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90 Chiromancy, 

art ; and, in fine, dull, chilling, and careless of the 
life we live. 

The Mount of Mercury, beneath the little 
finger, gives us niany excellent qualities, and useful 
withaL He brings us an inventive genius, quickness 
of thought and action, a working mind, and brain with 
power to carry out our ideas; industry and com- 
mercial tastes, with uprightness in our dealings. Wit 
and lightness of body are also brought us by this 
flying deity. 

The absence of this hill assures a " negative life," 
and the absence of all the qualities we have enume- 
rated. In excess he is bad. We have the worst 
side of the attributes ; dexterity descends to robbery 
and swindling, perfidy, lying, scheming, and preten- 
tious ignorance ; Mercury, as we know, is the deity 
of thieves. 

The Mount of Mars may be easily interpreted. 
It denotes courage and coolness in danger, " proper 
pride," self-control, resolution, and kindred qualities, 
which are to be found in brave and gentle natures. 
The excess of Mars is not unfavourable, but it may 
argue violence, even murderous intent, tyranny, and 
angry passions of the soul. The absence of the God 
of War can be easily summed up in cowardice and 
unreadiness in danger. 

The Plain of Mars is crossed by the line of the 
Head, which implies the struggle which is continually 
going on in life, and, while united with the Mount of 
Mars, the ability to resist them. 

The Mount of the Moon closes our list. When 
it is present it signifies imagination, sentiment, har- 
mony (in music) and a lymphatic temperament, a 

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The Mounds of the Hand, 91 

love of solitude and sentimentality, romance. Absent ^ 
of course, it means lack of all these qualities. In 
excess causeless worries, despair, restlessness and 
curious fancies, brain-sickness, madness, &c The 
moon is the type of changeability or caprice. 

Writers on Chiromancy have divided the hand into 
three parts, bounded by certain lines. The .upper 
portion is considered the divine part, the centre 
the natural, and the lowest the material division. 
The Mount of Venus with that of the Moon unite to 
form the Material portion. The upper part, bounded 
by the line of the Heart, is the divine portion, and 
the Natural portion is in the centre, where is the 
line of the Head and the Plain and Mount of Mars. 

We have thus considered the " Mounts " briefly, but 
we are now only upon the threshold of the Science 
of Chiromancy as regard the interior of the hand. 
And with regard to these mountains, we must be 
cautious in our reading. Sometimes one mount 
may be much more evident than the others, and 
then the others are, in a sense, subservient to its 
influences, and aid it in its ambition or afiection, as 
the case may be. Again, the influence of the mounts 
must be considered vis-h-vis of the lines of the hand. 
Not only the most evident of the latter, but even 
the smaller ones, have their significance ; so, although 
it is comparatively easy for a person to read the palm 
of the hand in large type, as it were, he cannot 
make a proper book for general circulation imless he 
employ the " lower case." It is very well for a 
beginner — like a child — to have a lesson in " capitals," 
but he must learn the small letters as well. 

Thus the palm of the hand is a book to be rea " 

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92 Chiromancy, 

by all who study ; but they must study diligently and 
continuously. There are as many considerations to 
be entertained and weighed as in a weather forecast 
We may and do make broad guesses at the weather, 
and, at times, are correct; but we have to study the 
signs. So it is with Palmistry. 



In every hand there are lines of certain depth, 
colour, and length, and, according to their accentua- 
tion, so will the qualities they indicate be more or less 
present in the individual We do not say that these 
qualities will be evident to the ordinary observer, nor 
even that they are observable at all. They exist in 
his or her nature, but may be kept in subjection and 
self-denial by religious training and force of character 
— in a word, by other lines or mounds. There are 
some interpretations which are merely traditional, but 
we will give them when necessary, or advisable, for 
what they are worth, noting at the time their origin. 

There are three or four very important lines observ- 
able in the majority of hands. We will take first the 
three most imiversal, viz., the line of the Heart, the 
line of the Head, and the line of Life. These 

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The Line of the Heart 93 

three lines form a figure in the palm of the hand 
something like the letter M ; if the hand be held side- 
ways and with the muscles relaxed, the figure will 
readily be perceived. 

The Line of the Heart is the uppermost, and 
we will consider it first. It passes beneath the 
fingers, and by the ancients was called the Mensal 
Line, from mens^ the mind ; or, perhaps, from mensa^ 
a table, as it appears in the table-land of the hand. 
But it is now generally known as the Line of the 
Heart, and is a very important one for us to con- 

There are, moreover, certain indications which we 
must take into consideration ; for instance, the colour, 
clearness, depth, &c., of the line; and in accordance 
with these traits, the state of the heart or mind, 
and the misfortunes which have affected us, may be 

To be really good, it ought to rise at the Mount 
of Jupiter, and cross the hand to what is termed the 
" percussion " or " striking " part, and be clear, clean, 
and well-coloured. According to its length we may 
judge the strength of attachment, and the quality of 
attachment. For instance, if instead of rising be- 
neath the index finger, the line does not commence 
until the Mount of Saturn, we may premise a strong 
feeling of attachment or love, but of a sensual, rather 
than of a domestic, type. 

A long clear line of the Heart, in what may be 
termed a Venusian character, indicates an affectionate 
and devoted character; but if the prominence be more 
even under the influence of the Moon, by reason of 
the Mount of Luna being highly developed, then the 

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94 Chiromancy. 

line will be somewhat paler, and will indicate more 
passive^ if sincere, affection, but will not struggle very 
long against difficulties, or even against the evils of 
which the individual's nature is the type or the off- 

The more this line bears to Jupiter the better it 
is, and the more it goes over to Mercury, even some- 
times turning round to the back of the hand, the 
more material may the affection be regarded as a rule. 
Jealous persons will find this true, for jealousy is an 
excess of affection, and therefore a fault All excess 
is faulty, " too much " means wrong. Too little of 
the line of the Heart indicates a martial type of 
individual, who will gain by violence and not by 
affection what he wishes. Absence of the line 
means wickedness, bad faith, and, probably, an early 

A break in this line may mean weakness, and, con- 
sequently, a broken engagement, or a rupture with 
one we love. According to the place where the break 
occurs, the cause may be sought Under Saturn it is 
"fate;" nearer the Sun, folly; under Apollo, pride; 
fmther on, avarice ; under Mercury, avarice, combined 
with ignorance. 

Sometimes we find jagged Knes or a " chain " on 
the course of the line of the Heart — ^these denote 
inconstancy, flirtation, and intrigue in love and friend- 
ship. (Old writers say they argue contempt of women 

The colour of the line may also assist us to arrive • 
at a conclusioa If we find it red, and generally 
good, we may assume strong love — even violent 
affection — but a broad pale line means the tendency 

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The Line of the Heart. 95 

of the nature to dissipation, even to weakness and 
excess. The pallor of the line indicates the want 
of power to recuperate fast enough for a dissipated 

A sign of death is when the three lines are united 
beneath the index finger. If in both hands, death by 
violence is predicted. And if united with the line of 
the Head under the mount of Saturn, it is also an 
indication of violent death. But when these lines 
appear united on one hand, we must always look at 
the other for confirmation. If the signs are not 
duplicated, the fatality will, in all probability, not over- 
take us. Danger may be indicated by the lines, but 
prudence and training may neutralize the predestined 
effects ; equally as good indications may be neutralized 
by sordid or unworthy passions if indulged in. 

Disappointments in the affections are marked by 
bars across the line of the Heart; no branches mean 
a loveless life, so far as the opposite sex is concerned 
— a withered existence and poverty. 

Good fortune is predicted or confirmed by a forking 
or parting of the line under Jupiter ; while commer- 
cial or pecuniary losses or deceit are shown by the 
fall of the line to the line of the Head, and shows 
the possessor is easily " taken in " in business. 

There are other suggestions which will be noticed 
in time, as they may be connected with the other 
lines. But we may assume that when the line is 
broken under Saturn it indicates much susceptibility 
of temperament; a cessation under Apollo in the 
right hand means an organization which will devote 
itself to circumstances, and raise " Bethels " from its 
" stony griefs." Mimicry finds its raison d'etre when 

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96 Chiromancy. 

the line of the Heart ascends the Mercurial Mount, 
and in actors this will be noticed. 

If the line of Heart descend to the line of 
Head, we shall find the possessor of such a palm 
letting his heart get the better of his interests, and 
giving way for love or friendship, which may be 
tempered by the line on the left hand, showing in- 
dications of selfishness in a similar manner. 

We must read all the lines carefully on both 
hands, and strike a balance. 



A REFERENCE to the frontispiece will enable the reader 
to perceive the line of the Head, and its direction. 
It commences between the thumb and the fore-finger, 
and is usually united in its birth with the line of 
life. But they are quickly parted, one passing across 
the hand, the other surrounding the Mount of 

The line of the Head and the line of Life some- 
times do not commence together. When this is the 
case, the person upon whose hands this parting is 
observable will be found to be careless of himself. 
There is obviously no connection between his or her 

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The Lifie of the Head. 97 

brain and life, so the individual exists without thought 
for existence. The line of the Head traverses the 
plain of Mars, and ends upon the Mount of Mars, 
with a more or less direct or sloping course towards 
the Lunar Mountain. 

The clearness, colour, length and depth of the 
line of the Head, indicate in proportion the amount 
of self-reliance or care for one's own interests which 
are inherent in the individual. If it rise up to with- 
out touching the line of the Heart, the chances are 
that the person so marked will be of much weaker 
intelligence in things of the world. 

The line of the Head may throw out some 
branches, and these also possess significance. For 
instance, if the ramifications extend towards the 
Mount of Jupiter (index), the sign is that the pos- 
sessor is easily wounded in his self-love. If such 
branches seek Saturn's Shrine, they mean legacies or 
future possessions ; if towards Mercury, commercial 
success j towards Venus, it is a sign that the Head 
will be easily influenced by love. 

Ancient writers used to maintain that white and 
red marks upon the line of the Head indicated 
murders or homicides, which have been, or which 
will eventually be committed. Red points indicate 
wounds in the head. 

When considering this line we must notice its 
course and tendency very closely, for it is naturally 
affected by the mounts which it seeks. If towards 
" imagination," the latter will of course influence it, 
and a less sound and practical view of life will be 
arrived at. The fancy will usurp the place of stem 
reality, and the hues of romance will tinge our views 


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98 Chiromancy. 

of existence. Lower still into the Moon's territory 
we shall find a tendenqr to mysticism ; and if the 
line come right down upon the mount of the Moon, 
the mount being well developed, it is an indication 
of, a tendency to, or approaching madness. 

So when it turns to the upper hills, it signifies that 
it partakes of the qualities of those mounts. Mer- 
cury thus, as before, means commerce, and so on, 
as. reputation and riches come from the Sun. If it 
advances too high, it indicates foolishness in connec- 
tion with the hill it aspires to ; that is, pursuit carried 
to an absurd extent, religious ecstacy, and ridiculous 
extremes of art, either in painting or otherwise — or 
less wise. 

When we perceive the line of the Head is pale and 
wide, we look for a want of intelligence or circum- 
spection in worldly affairs. We may, perhaps, find a 
linked line, indicative of a chain, as it were, instead 
of the direct and full line we may be led to expect. 
When this is the case we can point to a want of fixity 
or concentration of thought ; the individual is of the 
"rolling stone" order, and does not pursue one line 
of thought or action in a very determined way. So 
a broken line indicates vacillation. 

There are indications of death to be noticed in this 
line. For instance, capital punishment is foreshadowed 
upon it ; and when we find it divided beneath Saturn 
(or fate), upon an unlucky hand, we may predict the 
execution of the individual, which, unless Providence 
order otherwise, will surely take place. If the hand 
bearing this fatal sign be otherwise generally for- 
tunate, we can fearlessly modify the sad predic- 
tion, and arrive at a less terrible conclusion, such 

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The Line of the Head, 99 

as a broken head or scalp wound of a severe 

The points of the liar or deceiver are clearly 
shown by the line of the head, which then appears 
unconnected with the life, in a divided line, one 
branch continuing onward, and the other tending 
towards the mount of the Moon. This shows imagi- 
nation and deception, a leaning to error and falsehood. 

The line of the Head, where shortened in the hand 
of a sentimental or Venusian subject, will argue 
that he is likely to permit his worldly interest to 
be wrecked by his feelings j or if the subject be of 
the masculine order, the sign indicates his impetu- 
osity, and hence his failure in his calculations. 

If it descends very much into the hill or mount of 
the Moon, there is danger of death by drowning 
or insanity. The Moon rules the water, and a circle 
at the end of the line is very dangerous. 

In considering the line of the Head we must, as 
will be perceived from the foregoing remarks, look 
upon the qualities of the Head as generally under- 
stood, and then translate the signs according as the 
line is affected by surroundings. A tortuous winding 
head line, tending towards the line of the heart, will 
at once tell us that the " subject " is undecided and 
foolish ; that his brain is in danger, and death may 
ensue If it, at its termination, unite with the line of 
the heart, it indicates early decease, or with good 
signs otherwise may only indicate bad fortune.* 

* There are many traditional explanations which we have- 
not embodied in the foregoing indications, and some few con^ 
elusions which, if authenticated, are by no means common, and 
not required in a popular treatise. 

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ICX) Chiromancy. 

Thus the general temperament being first ascer- 
tained by the mounts of the hand, and the various 
influences taken into consideration, we may with 
success pronounce upon the past and the present, 
and from them foreshadow the natural future. But 
Providence may overrule all our anticipations \ the 
Soul may achieve a victory over both Head and 



" Here," says M. DesbarroUes, " commences the 
painful portion of the science. At this point 
we taste the fruit of knowledge of good or 
evil. Here we learn to read the hands of those 
whom we love ; the finger of death or the life of 
pain ; the loss of sight, or any other affliction which 
threatens them. We can prognosticate how many 
years we have to live ; and even if we endeavour to 
put aside the thought by telling ourselves that Chiro- 
mancy is not to be credited, the idea haunts us all the 

The line of Life has already been pointed out ; it 
cannot be mistaken, and it exists upon every hand in 
a greater or less degree. When it surrounds the 
Mount of the thumb, long, well-made, with a good 

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The Line of Life. loi 

colour, the life may be expected to be long and 
happy, without any great trouble; and such a line 
means a good character in the individual possess- 
ing it. 

We may, on the contrary, prognosticate that when 
the line is wide and rather pale, it, in common with 
all lines of the same character, has an evil tendency, 
and bad health, as well as a low type of disposition 
is present The student of Chiromancy after a while 
will also examine the lines crossing the line of life or 
which pass close to it, and from these things can per- 
ceive that illness or accident is likely to arrive at a 
certain time. How they can estimate the periods at 
which the maladies will occur may be now explained. 

We have given (Fig. lo) a rough diagram of the hand 
divided into periods of five and ten years (see also 
Frontispiece). The line of Life is thus divided into 
a certain number of parts, each representing a portion 
of our existence, which are marked in the following 
way. This is by no means a modern idea, but it has 
been adopted by late writers as well as by the old 

To arrive at a proper period we must liave an 
ordinary compass, and having put one point upon 
the root of the forefinger and the other upon the 
centre of the mount of Apollo, describe an arc which 
will cut the Line of life. The point at which the arc 
thus described intersects the line of life, gives us ten 
years, the first ten years of our life counting from the 

* This is merely a geometrical rule which has been prescribed 
for dividing the line of Life. The proper approximate divisions 
will be found on the Frontispiece, and must thence be mentally 
adapted to any hand under examination. 

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I02 Ckirof nancy. 

commencement of the line below the index finger. 
For the second circle the moving point is placed 
between the third and fourth fingers, the next on 
the mount of Mercury, the fourth curve is drawn 
from the extremity of the third joint of the little 
finger at the point where it leaves the percussion, the 
next circle at an equal distance down the side, and 
so the next. We have then reached sixty years ; the 
places at which all these circles cut the line of life 
being marked lo, 20, 30, 40, 50, and 60 years re- 
spectively. When the seventh circle has been des- 
cribed, the distance for the eighth must be reduced 
one-half on the percussion, and we shall thus reach 
100 years, the spot where the line of life trends 
beneath the ball of the thumb. 

The reason of this may be briefly explained. If 
we draw a line towards the ball of the thumb direct 
from the root of the mount of Saturn, we shall under 
nearly all circumstances touch the ten years' point. 
There may be a slight space, but a year or two will 
make practically little difference, and absolute exact- 
ness must not be expected. The line from Saturn, 
which represents our fate, thus indicates that until 
we are ten years' old, or thereabouts, we are under the 
dominion of destiny or fate, and we cannot control 
our own actions. This will account for the lengthened 
space in the hand before we reach the first period of 
ten years. 

Subsequently the spaces up to 70 are all equal, 

because life, under ordinary circumstances, is under 

control pretty equally up to that time; and afler that 

the life becomes feeble and wearied, so the lines are 

iced in length, for then are our years but labour 

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The Line of Life, 103 

' and sorrow in the multitude of instances. In the 
diagram (see Frontispiece) the various periods are 
marked as a specimen of an ordinary hand, so that 
any one by careful comparison may ascertain for him- 
self how long he may, under ordinary natural cir- 
cumstances, expect to live. 

[We must again repeat that other lines may have a 
decided influence upon the line of life ; and though 
the person may actually exist for many years, his life 
may be practically cut short by illness, and so his want 
of health may render him helpless. All circumstances 
and surroundings must be equally balanced ; so if a 
long line be accompanied by a deviation at a certain 
epoch, extending towards the line of the Head, an 
attack of the brain from overwork or application is 
likely to supervene. These are merely warnings 
written for our instruction and guidance by Nature.] 

These facts, then, being kept in mind, we can pro- 
ceed to the examination of the line of Life, and 
endeavour to derive some consolation from it. 

The line of Life should be clear, well-defined, and 
of a decided colour. If it entirely surrounds the 
mount of the thumb and fulfil the above conditions, 
life will be long and happy ; the constitution is thereby 
pronounced good and the health vigorous. 

On the contrary, when the line is broad, pale, and 
of unequal width in its course, and intersected by 
other lines, it is a sign of a weakly constitution, even 
of vitiated blood, and of a succession of illnesses. 
In fact, the very opposite of the good qualities fore- 
shadowed by the clear, well-cut line. 

In the case of the frequent intersections hinted at 
above, the maladies to be feared will arise from the 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

1 04 Chiromancy. 

influences of the portions of the hands whence the 
cross-lines come. If the lines extend from the line 
of the Heart, the illness will be caused by the chilling 
of heart affections or some cause connected with the 
Heart. If the cross-lines extend from the line of the 
Head, the disease or malady will be traceable to the 
brain, or from injury to the head by fall or blows. 
Lines extending across it from the mount of Venus 
tell, as may be anticipated, the sorrows arising from 
misplaced affection or unhappy passion. But if such 
lines extend from the centre portion of the hand or 
the plain of Mars, the trials and troubles will come, 
or have already come, from the struggle with life, com- 
mercial losses, or worries of a material nature. 

If the line of Life be duplicated (as in Fig. i8), it 
means a luxurious existence; and if it give the appear- 
ance of a chain, or a linked and broken connection, 
a sad and precarious life may be anticipated or pro- 
nounced upon. When this line is seen with roots or 
branches extending to the mount of Jupiter, it indi- 
cates an ambitious nature, not necessarily of a bad 
description, but one which may honestly desire wealth 
and honour, after hard and continued labour. In 
other words, the victory over circumstances gained by 
pride and will indicated by Jupiter. 

If the line of Life be short, the life itself will be 
brief, and if a decided break or interruption occur 
during its course, we may expect the occurrence of 
some serious illness. When, for instance, we find a 
line broken, as shown in the diagram, page 105, we 
may at once, and with certainty, conclude that the 
individual has had an illness which laid him at 
death's door. But if the illness has already passed, 

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The Line of Life. 


all fear is over, there will be no recurrence of the 
attack — not of such a violent nature at any rate ; 
the serious danger is over. But if broken in both 
hands it means death.* 

In considering the line of Life, we must be careful 
to examine its appearance and position relatively with 
the line of the Head which unites with or approaches 
to it. If these lines join, making a regular acute angle, 
the prognostication is good, and indicates prudence 

and sagacity in business and in worldly affairs, as well 
as bodily. 

If, on the contrary, the lines do not touch it argues 
want of forethought, " the head will not advance with 
the life," and projects conceived will be left to wither 
and die. When a large space intervenes between 
these lines, it means that the disposition is too frank, 

* We may observe that when the lower portion of the broken 
line tends towards the Mount of the Thumb death is inevitable. 
If it turn in the other direction there is hope. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

io6 Chiromancy. 

and unreflecting in its utterances, or that envy, vanity, 
or even a want of intelligence, perhaps falsehood, are 

If the intervening spaces be very large, and the 
lines red and strongly marked, the supposition is 
cruelty, vanity, love of money ; or a violent death 
may be foreshadowed. We say foreshadowed ad- 
visedly, for, of course, circumstances will alter cases, 
and the evil day may be staved off by higher influ- 
ences, and the evil may disappear. 

Again, in a case in which the line of Life and the 
line of the Head continue for a long time united at 
the beginning, and do not, as they ought to do, sepa- 
rate beneath the mount of Jupiter (or index) the 
supposition is that the development of the intellectual 
life has been naturally slow, or retarded by some 
means ; and that the child has been long in reaching 
the normal standard of intellect 

If the line of Life unite with the line of the Heart, 
and also the line of the Head, there is danger of 
violent death. In this case the influence of the head 
and heart are considei:ed to be too great for the life 
and dominate it, leading it into danger. Riches may 
be expected if smaller lines extend from the line of 
Life upwards, for our hopes and aspirations point up 
to dignities ; a bifurcation at the point of departure 
tells us of vanity. 

Sometimes little points or circles may be observed 
upon the line of Life : when these are noticed, they 
indicate maladies connected with the heart or wounds 
(tradition tells us they indicate the loss of one eye 
or both). Black spots mean weakness of the heart 
T consequent dangers. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

The Line of Life. 107 

Connected with the line of Life is the hne af Mars^ 
a kind of duplicate or secondary evidence of vital 
force, which may announce success in the camps of 
Venus or of Mars, ascending as the other indications 
of the hand point to the tendency of the individual. 
Sometimes it will accompany the line of Life through- 
out its course, then riches may be expected or 
honours. " Sister " lines are usually good omens, 
unless they appear with bad characteristics, when, 

Fig. 12. 

instead of alleviating, they only serve to confirm the 
evil influences of the original line. 

There are some tokens upon the line of Life 
which are best illustrated by small diagrams. For 
instance, we perceive above, in Fig. 12, a drawing of 
a hand with two small points, or lines rather, on either 
side of this short line of life. These symptoms 
indicate a short life and sudden death. We may 
also find branches springing upwards and downwards 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



from the line of Life, and they tell us of violent 
desires and of fading health respectively, as under- 
neath (Fig. 13). 

There are other lines sometimes very clearly 
marked, which arise from the mount of Venus, and cut 
into the line of life, &c. This is an indication that 
our destiny is being, or has been, interfered with by 
Venus (Fig. 14). 

Fig. 13. 

Fig. 14. 

To men of letters and those of sedentary and 
studious habits, we will add a word of warning, even 
at the risk of having addressed to us the taunt, 
" Physician, heal thyself." Whenever such a person 
finds the line of life on his hand parted or bifurcated, 
he should be cautious in working his brain. Too 
much fatigue will surely in his case bring on disease 
or malady of the brain. So let him or her never 
unduly prolong the tension of literary labour or 
study. When the work is pressing we are apt to 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

The Line of Life. 109 

labour unduly, and continue to tax our already hard- 
worked brain. Our own hand plainly indicates the 
risk we run in this way. If we ourselves do not 
exercise due caution, the inevitable failing of health 
and brain-power will overtake us. The lines dis- 
tinctly point to a severe illness in our declining days, 
which will be intimately connected with the brain. 
The warning will not be neglected, depend upon it ; 
and we would equally advise all our readers, whose 
avocations necessitate continued application in 
literary or kindred pursuits, to pause in time, and 
give Chiromancy the credit which it deserves. We 
say again, beware ! 

" Be warned in time by other's harm, 
And ye will do full well." 

A cross at the end of the line of life indicates a 
good clever man or woman, but one who may, and 
probably will, love his worldly possessions. Small 
holes or figures of a dark colour in the beginning of 
the line tell of murderous tendencies. 

We may thus read our characters and probable 
destiny from our line of Life. Our knowledge of our- 
selves will be largely increased by this reading of the 
palm. The knowledge may tend to our unhappiness 
at first ; but if we are wise and take the warnings in 
time which are written for our learning, we shall, in 
all probability, be able to avoid the danger, and turn 
our sorrows into blessings. 

— :. ! -: 

y Google 

no Chiromancy. 



As fixed as Fate ! "There is no use in attempting 
to alter destiny," say some people. What must be, 
must be. Che sari sari, and such-like phrases, in- 
dicate the taint of fatalism which is inherent in so 
many minds. ''A man who is bom to be hanged 
will never be drowned," says the proverb ; and the 
phrase may be true when we find any man who was 
horn to he hanged I We may rough-hew our des- 
tinies, but Providence shapes our ends ; and to say 
that any person, who is a free agent in the world, with 
a brain and hands, a soul and sense to make his way 
in it, and into a better one, is horn to a violent and 
disgraceful death, is as ridiculous as to contend that 
Judas Iscariot was destined from eternity to betray 
his Redeemer. Circumstances, and our own passions 
may bring us to such an end ; our unchecked avarice 
or lust may bring us to grief, but we have always a 
chance, and a loophole for escape. "Fatality" is 
not to be considered as final, nor incapable of being 

These observations have been made because we are 
about to turn our attention to the Line of Saturn, or of 
fate, or " chance," as it is sometimes most erroneously 
termed ; for there is no such thing as " chance." 
The indication of circumstances over which we have 
no immediate or direct control are marked upon 

y Google 

The Line of Saturn, 1 1 1 

Saturn's line, and here the fatalist will come up tri- 
umphantly to convict us out of our own mouth. But 
we may assure any such that there is no need for 
" cock-crowing." We plant a seed, and it comes up, 
but we have no control over the result We plant 
seeds in our lives, the crop must come up, the fruit 
must be reaped, but we need not eat it if be injurious, 
nor need we continue to plant evil seeds. The soil 
may be cleared after the first crop ; and what is play- 
fully termed our " wild oats," may be rooted up and 
thrown away. 

The indications of Saturn's line may, therefore, as 
will be anticipated, be various, and the line itself 
vary in its direction. Its point of departure is 
irregular, and four places are indicated whence it 
may spring. It may arise from the line of Life, 
from the plain of Mars, from the line of the wrist (or 
Rascette), or from the mount of the Moon, and all 
this has a meaning; for if we look back and compare 
the indication of the mounts and lines whence and 
whither our destiny leads us, we shall find abundant 
evidence of the tendency of our natures, and the 
natural ending or progress of our lives, if- they he 
permitted to go on unchecked by good influences. 

The points of arrival of the line of Saturn are as 
varied as their points of departure. It may cease in 
the centre of the hand, upon the line of the head, 
upon the line of the heart, or, again, on the mount of 
Jupiter, or Apollo, or even towards Mercury. But it 
usually ends on the middle finger, and thus is called 
the line of Saturn. Let us consider it, and take the 
cases separately. 

We will, in the first case, suppose the line to rise 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

112 Chiromancy. 

from the wrist ; and, being of a good colour, clearly 
marked, rising steadily as far as the first joint, or 
centre of the middle finger, it indicates unlimited 
good fortune, notwithstanding all adverse influences 
to the contrary, particularly if it so appears on the 
left hand. In the right only, such success will be 
brought about by our own exertions more than by 
legacies or gifts. Action is in the right hand. 

If the line be not so clearly indicated to the middle 
of the Satumian finger, we may anticipate obstacles 
and interruptions in our career, which will depend 
upon the place or line in which the "Saturnine" 
stops. For instance, if it disappears at the line of 
the heart, our interruptions will come from sentimental 
causes, which will prevent us working for ourselves, 
perhaps. If it cease in the line of the head, we may 
fear a sudden shock, or a failure of mind, particularly 
if the line of Life be bifurcated, as already mentioned. 
If it extends high up the middle finger, happiness, or 
evil fortune^ may ensue in a high degree. 

The line may commence faintly and become more 
clear. This forebodes a better ending of life than 
beginning. In the contrary case the opposite result 
may be sought or feared. 

If good at the beginning and subsequently tortuous 
and faint, or even disappearing entirely, it indicates 
that the happy circumstances of our early days will 
not continue in after years. A fading in the centre 
presages troubles in middle life (or if it be cut by 
other lines) ; but the end of our days will be pros- 
perous if the line be clear at the upper end. 

There are cases in which the line of Fate is alto- 
gether wanting— in the Esquimaux we do not find 

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The Line of Saturn, 113 

it as a rule. The lives of such people have no par- 
ticular aims, and though there is no great risk run by 
them, an accident may suddenly cut them off from 
their insignificant lives. To such people there still 
remain the same opportunities for improving their 
fortunes as for others. It is only by application and 
work that they will obtain anything. They must 
remember the proverb, "Heaven helps those who 
help themselves;" which, however, does not apply 
to thieving. 

We have said that when the Satumian Line ascends 
nearly to the first joint of the middle finger, the bearer's 
lot will be a happy one. This may equally arise from 
good-fortune, or from bad or evil tendencies directed 
by will to a proper use. Any surplus passion denotes 
energy, and this need not be directed wrongly. A 
person may possess a bad hand, full of energy for 
self-gratification, but if he lead all this into a more 
healthy channel he will accomplish much in the world 
— the conquest of self; such a man wiU most probably 
succeed in what he undertakes. 

When the line of Fate rises upon the mount of 
the Moon and proceeds directly towards the middle 
finger it is a good sign, and indicative of fortune 
likely to accrue from the caprice of some one. The 
reason is, because the moon is the parent of change 
and caprice. If the line rise direct, with branches 
tending upwards, it means riches in after-life. 

From the line of Life the Satumian line rises 
sometimes. This indicates a good heart, and fortune 
gained by meritorious labour in life. Any cutting 
lines modify the good fortune, which may eventuate 
in evil. Again, when the finger of Saturn is entered, 


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evil is always to be dreaded, and the higher the line 
rises in the middle finger the greater is the danger to 
the individual 

We annex diagrams of the line showing caprice 
(15), and of misfortune followed by fortime (16). 

Fig. 15. 

Fig. 16. 

When Saturn's line is finally interrupted upon the 
line of the head or heart, we may expect that oppor- 
tunity will be arrested by circumstances affecting the 
brain or the affections ; but if it passes through the 
latter line upwards, it means hard work and travail, 
or, perhaps, in consequence, a heart broken by despair, 
and failure of exertion in a good cause. 

A double line of Saturn, particularly when the lines 
are tortuous, means trouble and infirmities connected 
with abuse of the pleasures of this life. So tortuous 
lines at the upper end of the line give us anticipations 
of unrest after a happy life. Pride is indicated by a 
line passing from the line of the head to the mount of 

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Tlie Line of Saturn, 115 

Jupiter, and if the Saturnine line decline towards it, 
and is lost in the same place, folly, or even madness^ 
may be menaced. 

In like manner Saturn's line, when it proceeds to- 
wards Mercury, &c., modifies or alters the influence 
of the mount upon which it fixes itself. Towards 
Mercury it indicates commercial success, or fame in 
art and eloquence. To Apollo it is happiness by art 
or riches, according to the surroundings in which the 
individual exists. Towards Jupiter, happiness obtained 
by ambition, and pride of place. Passing (broken) 
across the plain of Mars we must expect a fight for 
existence, either moral or physical. So the influence 
of Saturn is generally adverse, giving a cynical or 
unhappy tinge to our desires, trouble and toil upon 
our way. 

It would appear, however, that labour to a great 
extent, or occupation of a useful kind, has an influ- 
ence also in determining the lines upon the hands, 
and changes have been often noticed after the lapse of 
years. If this be so — and there is no reason to doubt 
it — it follows that the mind and soul have power by 
the medium of will to modify or reduce the adverse 
lines upon the hands \ and if they can thus alter the 
lines and indications upon the hands, and in this way 
show us that " destiny " can be altered, we perceive 
at once that we have it in our power, after effort 
properly directed, to improve ourselves, and bid defi- 
ance to what some term " predestination " for evil 

We may now rest assured that we have our fate in 
our own hands, in every sense of the term, and it 
should be our care to improve our position and van- 
quish the (evil) tendencies of the line of Saturn. 

I 2 

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Ii6 Chiromancy, 

These tendencies on one hand are confirmed by 
the other. For example, we know that tlie " line of 
chance " may depart from three different places in dif- 
ferent individuals, but though it arise from the mount 
of Venus in the left hand, it is merely an indication 
of a loving or amorous nature, while in the right the 
same indicates a person determined to carry out his 
amorous designs at any hazard. In the same way the 
line setting out from the wrist of the left hand means 
that in combating the obstacles which we expect to 
meet we shall be more indolent or thoughtful than if 
the line appears so in the right hand, which means full 
(Ution in the struggle. 

Similarly the line in question, when it starts from 
the mount of the Moon indicates long journeys, or a 
desire for them. These, when observed in the left 
hand, show they have been planned ; the right palm 
will tell us of those accomplished. If two branches 
separate from the Moon and Venus, our travels will 
be under the influence of the opposite sex, man or 
woman, as the case may be. In the same way fatal 
influence of an individual over one of the opposite 
sex can be guessed when the line of Saturn (in two 
branches) divides, one branch going from the mount 
of Venus, and the other from the centre of the hand; 
the planning and carrying out of such ideas being 
shown by the left and right hands respectively. 
When these divisions exist in both hands the will 
and power to carry it out are both present in the 

We may summarize the general signs thus : — 

Under Jupiter, thoughts and acts characterized by 


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The Line of Saturn. ii/ 

Under Saturn, thoughts and acts relative to agricul- 
tural arrangements. 

Under Apollo, thoughts and projects for renown in 
the world of art or literature. 

Under Mercury, interested views, or commercial 

Under Mars, violence, love of conquest 

The Line of Saturn ceasing at the line of Heart 
on both hands indicates sentiment and action, which 
has benevolence for the issue. The left side thinks, 
and the right hand acts. So its termination in the 
line of Life means that our destiny will be dependent 
upon the state of our health. 

We may, therefore, regard our destiny from the two 
standpoints of thought and action; the spirit, or 
thought influence being shown upon the left hand ; 
the action being indicated upon the right. Both 
hands must accordingly be inspected, and the lines 
carefully compared ; most carefully compared, for a 
serious error may be easily made, and offence unin- 
tentionally given, by a hasty inspection. 

> > 

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Ii8 Chiromancy. 



This line is the barometer of Health. The wire, so to 
speak, which being "connected" chiefly with the 
liver — a most important organ — informs us concern- 
ing our state of bodily health. 

The Hepatic line forms an angle between the line 
of Life and the line of the Head ; in other words, it is 
the connecting link, or point of contact, between the 
heart and the brain. In England we all suffer in a 
more or less degree from disarrangement of the liver 
at times. The appearance of the line at present 
under consideration has therefore a wide interest, 
though it is not to be found in every one. It apper- 
tains to the material portion of the hand. 

We will now, as in preceding chapters, consider 
the various appearances generally shown by the 
Hepatic line, as compared with the others. 

The line of the Liver usually rises from the root of 
the thumb near the line of Life, by the wrist, and 
passes directly towards the mount of Mercury, and 
may unite >vith the line of the Head in the percus- 
sion of the hand. {See Fig. 8 and Frontispiece.) 

If the line commence with or near the line of Life, 
without cutting it, and joins the line of the Head, if 
it appears well coloured, direct, moderately well- 
marked, pure and clear, it indicates good health and 

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The Hepatic or Liver Lifie, 119 

blood, harmony in the various juices of the body ; 
good memory, success in business, and a good con- 
science. It also shows that heart and brain are in 

If, however, it unite with the line of Life it 
announces weakness of heart ; if separated from it, it 
indicates long life. It may appear winding or undu- 
lating ; in this case bilious attacks are to be feared, 
and also headaches, &c., are premised, especially if it 
be unequally coloured and red when it reaches the 
line of the Head. A thin and red line of the liver 
tells us of fever — very highly coloured of brutality or 
pride ; while if it appear intersected and broken, it 
means weakness of digestion and stomachic affec- 

These indications can easily be read by any one for 
himself. He can easily verify by experience the facts 
as shown upon his hands. Sometimes this line will 
be found starting from the mount of Mars \ occasion- 
ally it forms part of the line of Life ; sometimes it will 
be found ascending to the fingers ; when it is not found 
at all it signifies delicacy of skin, activity of body, 
and an aptitude for vivacity in speech and conversa- 

A cross found upon the Hepatic line is a warning of 
illness. Ascending well-formed to the base of the 
little finger it presages long life, while if it be thick 
and intersected it means old age and failing health 

We must be cautious when we find this line unit- 
ing under bad conditions with the line of the Head, 
for such symptoms denote a tendency to brain 
attacks, in consequence of a too intense application 

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120 Chiromancy. 

and they may lead to brain disorders and suicide. 
Any person, therefore, who finds these signs in his 
hand must be careful not to overtax his brain by 
study or work. By the colour and clear cutting of 
the line the amount of labour and study may approxi- 
mately be gauged, and the pursuits should be varied 
when the warning is first heard or seen. "Occa- 
sionally," says M. Desbarrolles, "the line of the 
Liver is accompanied by a sister line," called the 
" Milky Way " (voie lactfe), which rises in the wrist 
and proceeds to the mount of Mercury. The 
tendency of this second line is to increase the ardour 
of love, and when in the hands with the most unfor- 
tunate gurdle of Venus the indications are decidedly 
of an evil nature, fi-om a moral point of view. 


We have not much to say concerning this line, for 
details are quite unnecessary. We trust most of our 
readers are without it, for its tendencies are certainly 
immoral It may be observed between Jupiter and 
Saturn, and forms a semi-circle ending between the 
ring finger and the littie finger. 

It possesses all the evil tendencies of the mounts ; 
false ambition, lying, libertinism, coquetry, for the 
ennobling influence of the Sun is lost. Fate and 
the light are in continual opposition, and Venus's 
girdle is no fit zone for us to wear. It may, however, 
be found, and the soul may quench the passions ; if it 
end upon the mount of Mercury this will be the 
case, and energy will quell luxury and sensuality. 

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TIte Girdle of Venus. 121 

As we have already remarked, the mind and religion 
can neutralize the evil, and the very force which ill- 
used would bring one to grief, may, properly directed, 
lead to a better condition of things, even if the fatal 
zone of the goddess be observable on our palms. 
The very worst feature is when the girdle instead of 
turning upwards descends much broken to the root 
of the little finger in a curve, like a J on its back. 
We need give no illustration of this figure; it is 
suflScient to say that in such an individual, unless 
religious training and strong will turn his mind to 
higher things, the chances are that his passions will 
become so ungovernable that he will hesitate at no 
crime short of murder to accomplish his desires. 

At the same time, to have these evil significations 
the rest of the hand must be bad. The mount of 
Venus must be high, the outer phalange of the 
thumb small, the line of Heart chained and pale. It 
always appears in an intellectual hand to a certain 
extent, but modified by concomitant signs, for it is 
only a very crass intelligence that is dead to the 
charms of passion, and has no appreciation of fervour 
in affairs of the heart. 

We will now leave this unpleasant topic, which we 
are obliged to mention, and come to the more healthy 
and pleasant regions of the Sun. 

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122 Chiromancy, 



We may recall to our minds that the ring-finger (the 
third) is under the dominion of the Sun, and the 
mount of the Sun, or Apollo, is situated at its base. 
This mount is frequently traversed by vertical lines of 
more or less intensity, sometimes parted or forked. 
The line — or, in many instances, the lines — ^are known 
as those of the Sun or of Fame. 

It may happen that the line of the Sun will be 
found starting from the mount of the Moon, or per- 
haps from the line of Life ; but it signifies celebrity, 
riches, success in our endeavours, love of art, &c., 
according to that one of the three " worlds " whence it 
departs. If it should be found rising from the wrist 
the prediction will be all the more favourable. It is 
said that President Lincoln had this line developed 
in a very high degree, and the fact was pointed out 
to him that the construction of lines in his hand 
predicted a violent death, which prediction was 
eventually fulfilled. 

The line of the Sun is indicative of success in life, 
particularly as to work and art creations. We can, 
without much difficulty, by considering the starting 
and arriving points of the line, ascertain in what 
manner the individual is likely to obtain renown. It 
may descend upon him as family honour ; it may be 

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The Lines of tJte Sun. 123 

won by hard work, as when the line leaves the hollow 
of the hand. It may only signify a good-nature or 
generosity of character when it rises from the line of 

There are certain forms which this line takes, and 
much depends upon it. We will give a few indica- 
tions : — 

If the line be clear and deeply furrowed, and opens 

Fig. 17. 

up the mount of the Sun " like a ploughshare, " it 
indicates celebrity in art, riches, or the reward of 
merit, according to the greater or less elevated quali- 
ties of the mind, which will influence the body and 
its actions. It may even elevate the taste of the 

The appearance of several small lines in the mount 
mean a great devotion to art and a desire for effect 
which is carried too far, and has been compared to an 
arrow shot into space, which is aimed at nothing in 

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124 Ckiromancy. 

particular, and loses itsdf eventually. Cross lines 
indicate obstacles, and disappointment in art will 
probably ensue. 

Two or more lines of equal depth may be perceived 
cutting into the mount of the Sun. If they are 
unequal and indirect we may expect to find a desire 
for many branches of art, which tends to make a man 
a " Jack-of-all-trades and master of none." The 
sun's face is divided and concentration upon each line 
is weak ; the attempt at too much gives us no decided 
success in any one direction. 

When we find a line dividing like a trident upon 
the mount of the Sun we have a tendency to riches, 
glory, and talent ; two at least of which neutralizing 
each other, leaves only wealth perhaps. It may 
happen that all three fail to arrive at any decided 
point So in the case of two lines which separate 
from the trunk-line and form the letter V, the power 
is then neutralized by division, and we may entertain 
a great wish for success, but it will not be realized. 

But if we find these branches uniting in a single line 
upon the mount, and having their rise from the line 
of the Heart, we may predict fortune from the branch 
which emanates from Mercury, while the main line 
indicates glory, and the Saturnine one merit Three 
equal futrows upon the hill mean great and universal 
feme when they are of the same form, and ascend 
towards the third finger with equal intensity. 

Lines which invade without actually cutting the 
line of the Sun mean envious interferences, and con- 
sequently bars to the success which we should other- 
wise attain in due time. 

The above are the principal indications of good 

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The Lines of the Wrist 125 

and bad fortune imparted to us by the line of Apollo. 
We find in the hand of the literary or artistic man 
the three lines running upwards, and the finger has 
also certain promises of success or failure. The Sun 
attracts the favour of powerful friends, and many 
ascending lines indicate the exuberance of " sap " or 
vital force. When we find the lines of Apollo and 
the Moon and Venus we have an author's hand, 
without the latter a critic's. 


We will conclude this chapter with a few remarks 
concerning the Rascette or " bracelets," which will be 
found in two or three distinctly marked lines under- 
neath the hand. These, with a tendency to rise, 
mean elevated ideas; if they descend they are a 
miferk of inferiority. 

By the number of the lines we can, in a measure, 
predict the duration of your lives, for every line 
represents thirty years of our existence. We occa- 
sionally, comparatively speaking, find three lines upon 
the wrist These show us that, in all probability, we 
have a long life before us, and that health and wealth 
await us. This combination of three lines is called 
the royal bracelet or " triple magic bracelet," accord- 
ing to French writers. 

If the lines be continuous, without any break, and 
of a pure red colour, we may fairly expect happiness 
in our lives; and considering the possession of health 
and wealth is indicated by the three lines, it is not an 
extraordinary circumstance that, granting these two 

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126 Chiromancy, 

blessings, happiness should follow. There are, how- 
ever, other conditions which have, in these as in all 
lines, to be noted and taken into consideration, so 
even in the apparently simple reading of the wrist 
lines we must not pronounce too quickly. 

Sometimes a chain-like line will be observed, and 
this appearance usually will be found upon the first 
line of the wrist. Under these circumstances, we may 
anticipate a life of hard work ; but such will eventually 
redound to our benefit, for the results will be com- 
petency, if not riches, though we shall have, or have 
had, to work steadily to gain them. M. Desbarrolles 
mentions a cross in this line as a good sign, and con- 
siders, in such a case, a future reward certain after 

Long and continuous travel is also foretold or 
marked upon these lines if they throw up branches 
which terminate upon the mount of the Moon. It 
would be interesting to observe the hands of certain 
"Special Correspondents;" and even commercial 
travellers might find out either their possible destiny 
or actual journeys marked upon the lines of the wrist. 

There is another condition connected with the lines 
rising from the Rascette. We occasionally have per- 
ceived them crossing the plain of Mars, and proceed- 
ing to the mount of the Sun, which readers will remem- 
ber is underneath the third or " ring-finger." Should 
this line be present it foretells honours and riches, 
which may be expected from the favour of some in- 
fluential personages. 

Where a line, rising from the wrist, near the 
percussion or striking part of the hand, passes up 
the mountain of the Moon, we may argue from it 

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The Lines of the Wrist, 127 

"tribulation," if it be directed towards the Liver 
line, and more particularly if the line thus ascending 
show any irregularity in its course. 

[There is an old authority for saying that if a line can 
be traced from the wrist, which rises upwards directly 
to the index-finger, the individual will have to under- 
take long voyages. This statement, like many others 
of the old students of Chiromancy, must be accepted 
with caution, and observers must judge for them- 

Two branches can sometimes be seen in the line 
of the Wrist. When this is so, they tell us of a person 
who will, in all probability, become very rich, and re- 
ceive many honours and distinction in his old age. 

A cross or a star in the angle thus formed is, more- 
over, a particularly good indication; and one old 
authority declares he will be healthy, as well as en- 
dowed with the world's goods. 

Four lines are rarely discernible upon the wrist ; 
when this is the case, the line of Life will be found 
lengthened, and even doubled ; for long and happy 
existence may be almost certainly presaged for the 
fortunate possessor. Such people as have these four 
lines may — ^unless some specially adverse sign inter- 
fere — attain the greatest age at present allotted to 
mankind, and they will live, probably, till they are one 
hundred years old. 

The right and left hands must be studied in this, 
as in all other examinations ; and if the lines of the 
wrist are better formed upon the left hand than upon 
the right, although they may be equal in number upon 
both, it tells us that we were originally intended for a 
better existence — that is, that we have somehow or 

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128 Chiromancy. 

other played with our naturally good constitutions, 
and our imprudence has, in some degree, reacted 
upon ourselves. 

On the other hand, if the lines appear so upon the 
right hand more distinctly, or as distinctly, we may 
accept the token that, by care, we have already re- 
couped ourselves, and that our system is reinvigorated. 
This is another proof that lines alter in the hand, that 
bad ones may, by our ^dll and moral improvement, be 
modified or obliterated to a certain extent ; and there- 
fore every one's future, humanly speaking, depends 
upon his adhesion to the plain and straightforward 
laws t)f Nature. 

The lines striking out from the wrist: these in- 
dicate the tendencies of our natiu-e, according to the 
mounts towards which they advance. Venus gives us 
one class ; Mars another— the latter a kind of blind 
bungling into difficulties in our lives, which may 
swamp us. Mars being the type of the battle ground 
— ^as the Moon indicates the water, and, consequently, 
voyages and travel 

Again, a line from the wrist, ascending to the line 
of the Head, means a change from an inferior to a 
superior position in life, and, of course, according to 
the mount towards which it aspires. If it cut the 
line of the Heart, and ascend one of the upper and 
"divine" mounts, this sign is extremely fortunate, 
and means elevation to certain dignities; for in- 
stance — 

(i) If it ascend Jupiter, it means success in law 
or command, and a high position in it 

(2) If it ascend Saturn, the bench of Bishops, or 
elevation in science. 

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The Lines of the Wrist 129 

(3) If it ascend the Sun, literary success. 

(4) If it reach the mount of Mercury, it indicates 
commercial or industrial success, already attained, or 
in near prospect. 

Nor is it difficult to suppose this the case. Granting 
that our wills, ruled by Providence, impel us to make 
these efforts, the lines will come, and, unobserved, will 
quickly indicate the tendency to the wished-for goal. 

Furthermore, a line starting from the Rascette to 
a branch upon the mount of Venus, and extending as 
far as Jupiter, tells us of a rich marriage, a wealthy 
alliance ; and if a cross likewise appears upon the 
mount of Jupiter, the match will be a happy one. 

But "marriages are made in Heaven," they say. 
Well, let us endeavour to find what the hand tells us 
concerning them. If the line end, as said, in Jupiter, a 
rich marriage. 

In Saturn, marriage with an old person. 

In the Sun, marriage with a person of artistic 

In Mercury, with a rich merchant, or one whose 
means are derived from commercial undertakings. 

These signs, again, are dependent upon their ap- 
pearances in the left or right hand. If they appear 
upon the former, the marriage will depend upon the 
good offices of a third person. If upon the right 
hand, the success will be entirely owing to our own 
efforts or worthiness (tradition). 

Before closing this chapter, we will give an illustra- 
tion and a description, after DesbarroUes, of a per- 
fectly fortunate hand — a hand, we may add, for the 
Job-like consolation of our readers, very seldom 
encountered in this life, perhaps, because perfect 


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130 Chiromancy, 

happiness, even from a purely worldly point of view, 
is seldom, if ever, attained. There are, however, 
many approaches to it, and we trust many of our 
readers will find theirs a good match. Our own is a 
sad departure from the perfection here foreshadowed. 

We have said in a former chapter, that the girdle of 
Venus is a bad sign, and so it is in a bad hand. But 
in the hand here shown, it is present because its 
affections are directed into a proper channel; and 
no one will affirm that love, even in excess, when 
directed to the happiness of one's husband or wife, is 
a moral fault, particularly as it is in this case tem- 
pered by good sense and wisdom. The energy to 
direct one's goings in the right paths is present, and 
thus we may make our very faults subservient by 
the application of a strong sense of right. Self- 
restraint, or force turned into a good channel, are 
equally good. The stream may pass its low banks, 
and overwhelm a village, but if confined within 
proper bounds it will turn a mill, and conduce to 
the happiness of the population. 

There are, however, circumstances connected with 
this unfortunate " Girdle," to which, in such a work 
as this, we must be severely silent. 

:■ o « : 

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Fig. 1 8.— a Fortunate Hand. 

a. Double line of life, b. Perfect happiness, r. Enjoyment 
of true love. d. Happy marriage. e» Girdle of Venus. /► 
Talents, g. Art successes (renown), h. Perspicacity — fortune 
and love. t\ Good temperament, y. Long life, k* Love for 
one only. 

K 2 

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The Reading of the Hands, 133 



In the foregoing pages we have briefly, and in no 
scientific manner, described the various mounts and 
lines of the hands and their significance, the qualities 
which may be expected to be found in consequence 
of their presence. They are the testimony of our 
lives ; the Book from which we may be eventually 
convicted, unless we eradicate the writing by a change 
of existence. 

We have now, in a short chapter, to indicate the 
various marks which will, under certain circumstances, 
be found upon the hand. But we will do so circum- 
spectly. No one will be any the wiser or the worse 
for our description, though we could warn many a 
one, were this volume not written for popular and 
indiscriminate circulation. It may happen that a 
more scientific treatise will be published, and then 
those who fear will have their fears either removed 
or confirmed. Little do we guess how our acts are 
almost indelibly graven upon our palms. We may 
forget ourselves, but the writing of Nature is never 
wrong in our hands, and " the trail of the serpent is 
over them all." 

Let none, therefore, deceive themselves, be they 
whom they may ; the imprint of virtue or vice is as 
plainly to be read by the Chiromant as this print 

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134 Chiromancy. 

Some very painful instances have recently come under 
our notice ; and while uttering, in these pages, many a 
warning, we would, at the same time, advise anyone not 
to be nervous or startled. The marks and lines will 
fade in the good time coming, and, as repentance may 
be gained, so the mark of the pitch we have touched, 
and which has defiled us, may be removed. 

The whole art of Palmistry is exceedingly simple 
in theory. Practice is a different thing ; but in a few 
sentences we can explain the \raison (Titre of the 
plan, which has probably already been, in a measure, 
anticipated by those who have followed us so far 
through the volume. It is simply an observance of 
the length and formations of lines. We shall soon 
devote a chapter to this subject But we can now 
see how, when a line of Life is short, life is short ; 
when the line is long, life is also likely to be long. 
When the line is formed in a chain, existence is 
painful and weary. If the line of Life be pale and 
broken, we may expect broken health, perhaps break- 
ing spirits, as we pass through the world. 

These indications, which every one can understand, 
are the bases of the Mysteries of the Hand. They 
are simple enough for a child to read, but the appli- 
cation of them is the difficult problem ; and, as in a 
landscape, we must have all the objects in proportion 
and our surroundings carefully considered before we 
make our picture. So in hand-reading we must 
attend to something besides the principal figures. 

Nature gives nothing, unless we take the trouble 
to seek and inquire for what we want. It is thus all 
through life. We must dig for coal and iron; we 

St search diligently for the gold. We must labour 

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The Reading of the Hands, 135 

in the sweat of our brow for (literally) our daily 
bread. Nature hides her secrets as the fond mother 
hides her child's playthings; she tells us where to 
look, but we must look and search, and probe and 
learn diligently before we can use the information. 
So in the readings of the hand. 

Now, there are hundreds of honest and sensible 
people who deride or good-naturedly " pooh-pooh " 
the Science of Chiromancy, because — and this is the 
only reason they can give — " it is quite impossible to 
read such lines." Wc have — ^albeit we are not 
deeply read philosophers — we have read secrets in 
the hands of men and women which the individuals 
— people we had never met before, of whose very 
existence we were ignorant until we were introduced 
— confessed were true, and known only to them- 
selves. We could multiply instances of this kind, 
but one will suffice. 

A young lady, a few weeks ago, hearing our 
name mentioned, at a country house where we 
were sta5dng, came up merrily, and, holding out her 
hand, said — " Can you tell me anything ? " She 
was a perfect stranger to us until we sat down to 
luncheon. We looked at her hand, and said, " I 
see you were engaged to be married, but your 
pride interfered, you dissolved the engagement a 
year or two ago, and your health suffered in con- 
sequence." She at once withdrew her hand, say- 
ing, with a vivid blush, "Quite right; and I have 
suffered ; no one but my sister ever knew the real 
cause. You have told the truth. It was Pride ! " 

Here, then, is an instance — a very simple case, yet 
it will serve as an illustration. There is no irapossi- 

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136 Chiromancy, 

bility in the science. The enemies of Columbus 
told him it was impossible to mal^e an egg stand 
upright ; but he did make it stand up on end, and then 
they saw how easy it was to do it. ^efore Stephen- 
son made the "Rocket," and even afterwards, rail- 
ways were derided or feared. What should we be 
without them? So with electricity. Newton made 
the greatest discovery ever made by seeing an apple 
fall. We only claim a fair field for Chiromancy. 

But we must remember that it by no means follows 
that because a person has a certain vein or line upon 
his hand that he or she is evil-disposed, or likely to 
reach great honour. All we contend for is a careful 
examination of both hands, and if we can have our 
patient behind a curtain, and the hands only visible, 
we prefer it. For then we have no fear of speaking, 
and are not led away by any facial expression to doubt 
the plain evidence of the hand. 

In examining the palms, we must recollect that 
the right hand is usually the more active, and the 
initiative comes first from the right hand; the left 
will always come to its assistance, however, still it is 
practically the passive hand. So we seek the more 
passive signs upon the left hand, and active tenden- 
cies upon the right. The indications of thought, as 
opposed to action, are found upon the left hand. 

So if the latter present signs of greater regularity, 
we may fairly conclude that the individual is of a 
more passive than active temperament — z. man of 
thought more than of action ; a student rather than 
a player of games. Thus the success of such an one 
will depend more upon what he will direct to be done 
an upon what he will do himself. He will conceive 

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The Reading of the Hands, 137 

the plan, and the execution of it should be entrusted 
to a " right " man. 

Those who possess the most correct and regular 
signs in the right hand should never wait for 
Fortune to come to them. Their only real chance 
of success lies in their rising up and doing — " with a 
heart for any fate." They must labour and put their 
shoulders to the wheel manfully. They must win 
Fortune, or Miss-Fortune will ensnare them. On 
the other hand, we shall find that those who have the 
clearer indentions upon the left will succeed, so to 
speak, of themselves, almost in spite of their passive- 
ness. They will only need " to wait" and not "to 
labour," particularly if the line of Fate (or Chance) 
be distinctly and very clearly marked. 

These latter are the fortunate individuals who 
have fortunes dropping into their laps ; who having 
possessions, have numerous presents given to them ; 
who remain quiet and restful, if thoughtful and of 
indicative mind and moodj who tell others there 
are burthens heavy to be borne, but will not touch 
them with one of their fingers. They work with their 
brain like the Moltkes and the Bismarcks; the 
others do the manual portion of the toil like the 
Stephensons and the crowd of labourers in the fields 
of existence who receive but a scant reward, and 
then only after hard labour and toil Look, there- 
fore, to thy hands, oh ! reader ; to which section of 
the community dost thou belong ? 

— :^ B i t 

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138 Chiromancy, 



Before speaking of the little signs which so materi- 
ally aflfect the lines and mounds, and, as it were, 
turn bitter to sweet and sweet to bitter, we will con- 
sider the positions and significations of the figures 
upon the hands as above-mentioned. The first is 
the Quadrangle. 

The Quadrangle is that portion of the human 
hand comprised between the line of the Head and 
the line of the Heart, and between the line of Fate 
and the line of Apollo. It is sometimes called the 
table of the Hand, and its form will depend, of 
course, upon the good — or ill-placement of the two 
lines aforesaid. The boundaries of this figure are 
the lines above and below, and on either side of it. 
Its formation will be perceived at a glance. 

If the Quadrangle be regular in its development, 
wide in the centre, larger by the mound of 
Jupiter, and wide on the " percussion " of the hand, 
it denotes a good and straightforward person, an 
honest and devoted man or woman, good constitu- 
tion, and good character. 

But if, on the contrary, the two lines, viz,, the line 
of the Heart and the Line of the Head are not well 
placed, or if the former line descend towards the 

her, or the latter arise to meet the other, it indi- 

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The Quadrangle. 139 

cates want of decision, timidity, nervousness, and 
generally want of spontaneity — a retiring character. 
It may be modified thus : — 

Firstly, if the line of the Heart descends far to 
the line of the Head. In that case it may be 
accepted that the individual is rather egotistical, and 
has by looking after his own interests dwarfed his 
character — or will so dwarf it. 

Secondly, if the line of the Head ascend near 
the line of the Heart, the character may be pro- 
nounced good and generous in the main, fundamen- 
tally j but it will be timid and shy, nevertheless, and 
sometimes maladroit in its manifestations of grati- 
tude, &c. Such an individual will be always hoping 
to do some really great thing; to do good and to 
benefit his fellow-creatures. He wishes to be 
generous, perhaps, but permits the opportunity to 
slide past him. He has no time ! So, by reason of 
this want of talent to seize opportunity, to "take 
time by the forelock," he will always be more or less 
dwarfed in his actions by indecision. 

Numerous small lines or signs will frequently be 
found in the Quadrangle of an irregular and uneven 
form. A number of lines is a weakness, decidedly. 
A cross is a disposition to mysticism, if it appear 
under the finger of Saturn. Superstition is also thus 

A badly-formed cross in the Quadrangle is a mis- 
fortune; it may even mean misfortune by worldly 
elevation. A well-made star in the space tells us of 
a good man — an honest, well-meaning man — who will 
nevertheless be henpecked as a husband, and per 
haps the plaything of woman if he love her, and s< 

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140 Ckiromancy. 

by her dominant influence his naturally good qualities 
are perverted. 

[It is traditionally stated that such a man will be 
very likely to restore his broken fortunes by hard 

A cross in the Quadrangle near the mount of 
Mars and tending towards the mount of the Moon 
is (also traditionally) indicative of travel, which, if 
undertaken, will lead to fortune. 

If the Quadrangle be entirely wanting in the 
hand this is a bad sign, an indication of evil and 

Thus, by the inspection of the hand any one may 
determine for himself, or herself, the character of the 
individual. Any man who is desirous of entering 
into connubial relations with any woman, may, by 
attention to the foregoing rules, obtain an insight 
into his beloved one's character. Similarly, a 
woman may be informed concerning her fiance ; 
and, while fondly clasping each other's hands, both 
lovers may all the while be intent upon each other's 
private and hitherto hidden characteristics, and their 
chances of success in life ! 

A fond father may "demand the hand" of the 
suitor for his daughter's; and therein discover his 
disposition and tendencies, and his girl's chances of 
happiness in married life. 

The young man may judge of the temperament of 
his intended spouse, and even of the liberality and 
designs of his expected parents-in-law. Every man's 
hand may be against him, and his own hand may 
be against himself! We cannot always tell for 
certain, however; th€ yielding one may by circum- 

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TIu Grand Triangle. 141 

stances become as hard as " spongy iron," and yet 
permit the dropping of good-nature to exude from 
his heart's pores. The " cross " in the hand may 
only be the beginning of the lucky " star," and for- 
tune may by industry be achieved ! 

So let us not play the part of Puck, and separate 
happy lovers by our whispers. If there be discus- 
sions (not dissensions) of the lines of Head and 
Heart in honest lovers' hands, let them clasp them 
tighter and decide manfully by patience, pluck, and 
determination to vanquish Fate together ; to combat 
the portents, to avoid the evil, and decide at once, 
as a first step towards the cure of irresolution, to 
get married, and do their duty in the state of life to 
which they may in all honesty be called. So shall 
they find happiness instead of misery and separation. 
Experientia docet 


This form will be found described in the hand 
between the line of the Head, the line of Life, and 
the Hepatic or Liver line, supposing it to exist. In 
examining the boundaries of the Grand Triangle we 
must be guided by the direction, form and colour of 
the lines surrounding it, just as we considered these 
points in our consideration of the Quadrangle. The 
evenness, therefore, of the Grand Triangle is a good 
sign : the irregularity a less good one. 

When we find the Triangle regular, we can tell the 
blood is good and pure, the constitution good i^ 
consequence ; and, in fact, unless the head and t' 

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142 Chiromancy. 

stomach are all interdependent and yet in excellent 
condition, health, mental vigour, kindness and 
spirit, cannot be combined and nicely balanced in 
such a life or hand. 

But if any of these lines be wanting, or if present 
irregular, intermittent or misshapen, then the indi- 
vidual is wanting in the characteristics connected 
with the line in which he is deficient. Life, intelli- 
gence, health, may each and all be fitful and weak, 
and even if the man be quite sound upon two, he 
may be unsound in the third, or weak in all. 

So will his life be worried, crossed, and troubled ; 
so will it, perhaps, be a burthen hardly to be borne. 
The same indication, as already commented upon in 
the consideration of the Quadrangle, will find place 
in the Triangle. Troubles will rise, and mark them- 
selves in little lines upon men's palms. The worries 
of his head and in his life will reproduce themselves 
as indentations upon his hands. As the Indian 
carries his scalps; as the trapper notches his rifle- 
stock as a record of the number of his slain >actims, 
human or quadruped; as the schoolboy nicks his 
"runs" upon his bat, called afiectionately "Jehu," 
because it " driveth furiously ; " so will our life- 
troubles be impressed and cut upon our palms, to 
remind us in our prosperity that we have seen and 
overcome the worries of existence. We have passed 
through the rapids, and are in the smooth gently- 
flowing stream once for all. 

The inspection of the Grand Triangle may be use- 
fully made, when selecting a person for any particular 
situation which demands coolness, and certain bodily 
lities. The head and Hfe must with digestion be 

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The Little Triangle. 143 

in good order, and where a medical examination be 
not possible, the condition of man for action or 
command may be estimated with absolute certainty 
by the Grand Triangle. 

By the Quadrangle, the moral and social attributes 
are distinguished. By the Grand Triangle we can 
recognize vital and intellectual power, and estimate 
the duties for which by our condition we are most fitted 
and most likely to perform to the satisfaction of our 
employers, our superiors, and ourselves. 

:.. iii •: 



This is not always present. It is dependent on 
the existence of the Liver line and the line of 
" Chance," for it is enclosed between those lines 
and the line of the Head. The line of Chance or 
Saturn ascends through the centre of the hand, 
bisecting the Grand Triangle. The Little Triangle 
is, therefore, one-half (more or less) of its greater 
namesake. When we have considered this Triangle 
we will speak separately of the Angles made in the 
hand. The Little Triangle should be regular both in 
the direction and length of its lines. If it be ' 
and — 

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144 Chiromancy, 

(i.) If the Liver line quit the root of the thumb 
to unite with the Head line, and so form a right 
angle or nearly, well formed, 

(2.) If the line of Fate ascend the centre of the 
hand directly, and cut the line of the Head at an 
acute angle, but regularly. 

Then the individual is possessed of much intel- 
lectual strength and power, and his efforts towards 
success will, in all probability, be assisted by a concur- 
rence of good luck or fortune. 

So by these lines in the Little Triangle we can 
ascertain probable success in our undertakings, which 
depend upon brain work for their development. 
Here again we may, and with seriousness, indicate a 
way by which parents may ascertain the natural bent 
of their children's minds and dispositions. Many 
lives have been rendered unhappy by uncongenial 
surroundings ; and if we can in any way mitigate. the 
probabilities of such very real unhappiness, particu- 
larly to young men and boys, we will endeavour to 
do so. 

If, therefore, children have the Grand Triangle 
formed by the three lines — the lines of Life, Head 
and Liver, throughout; if these lines are regular, 
and the Little Triangle, at the same time, exist in the 
favourable condition just mentioned, such boys may 
fearlessly be launched upon the sea of Study. They 
will succeed in it. They are capable of much, and 
will accomplish much. 

But in the absence of these indications in the 
absence of the Grand Triangle, or in the malforma- 
tion thereof, such children will not succeed in intel- 
lectual occupations, because either the taste for such 

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The Angles. 145 

is not inherent in them, or their natural tendency to 
idleness will not permit them to apply themselves 
with sufficient diligence. The presence of much 
imagination will frequently militate against regular 
study, and be a bar to a plodding existence. So if 
the line of Chance be wanting in the Little Triangle, 
even if the Grand Triangle be well-formed, the liberal 
professions will not suit the lad so marked ; but if 
their line of " Chance " be wanting, or insufficient, 
their success may be imperilled by want of fore- 

The Angles which are perceptible in the two 
Triangles specified in this and preceding chapter, 
claim a few words. The Great Triangle encloses 
the Plain of Mars, and has been divided for con- 
sideration into three sections containing the angles, 
viz. : — 

(i.) The Upper Angle. 

(2.) The Inner Angle. 

(3.) The Lower Angle. 

(i.) The first is that formed beneath the fore-finger 
by the union of the line of the Head and the line 
of Life. 

When this angle is acute, well formed and " clean 
cut," it indicates a good disposition, and frequently 
nobility of disposition. If obtuse it marks a some- 
what dull intelligence. 

If the angle commence beneath the finger of 
Saturn, his influence will interfere with the existence, 
and Saturn is always a bad companion. In this case, 
he pre-supposes avarice; or, as old writers assert, 


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146 Chiromancy, 

Again, when the line of Life unites with the line 
of the Head, lower down still, on the top of the 
Plain of Mars, it indicates an unhappy life and 
miserly qualities. 

(2.) The Inner angle made by the meeting of the 
Liver line and the end of the line of the Head 
towards the Mount of the Moon and the base of 
the Mount of Mars, if well traced, and of good 
colour, promises long life. 

If very acute, it premises a nervous temperament, 
and evil associations. If obtuse, we have obtuseness 
and inconstancy. 

(3.) The Lower Angle is formed by the junction of 
the line of Life and the line of the Liver. 

If this angle be well-formed and coloured, it means 
that our health and our heart are good. 

But when very acute it may presage or bear wit- 
ness to debility, or a desire for money. 

If it is thick, and formed of indistinct lines, it in- 
dicates a bad disposition; rudeness; even idleness, 
or inaction generaUy. 

These are the three angles, which should be com- 
pared with the lines of the Triangle. We cannot too 
often repeat our injunction to the reader to bear all 
the points bearing upon the case in his mind when he 
desires to make a forecast, or pronounces upon a 
hand submitted to him. Only in this way will his 
verdict be correct ; and he should be cautious, even 
if he fancy he is quite right. There is no " royal 
road " to Chiromancy, any more than there is to any 
other science or study. 

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Signs which Modify Effects of Mounts, 147 



In the previous portion of this book we have 
spoken of stars, crosses, and, perhaps, islands. We 
must, before concluding our summary, say something 
about these. 

TTie Star ( * ) on the hand predicts something to 
come, or which has occurred beyond our own control, 
and almost invariably indicates danger. It is the 
Red light of Chiromancy ; and even if it be turned to 
our worldly advantage, it will bring in its train some 
fatality, such as the troubles and anxiety allied to 
riches, or the worries inseparable from literary or 
business excess. 

The Star may appear on any part of the hand. 
On Jupiter it means the gaining of our love or ambi- 
tion. A good " fatality " for Jupiter, we may accept 
as favourable to our interests. On the first finger- 
joints, great power and glory as a commander or 
statesman ; particularly on Saturn's (the middle) finger. 
Under Saturn it is a fatal sign. On the Mount of 
Saturn it means assassination or execution, according 
to the interpretation of the lines, &c Two Stars on 
the third phalange of the middle finger indicate a 
shameful death, and may be in consequence of a 
career of vice. 

The star again upon the Mount of the Sun means 

L 2 

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148 Chiromamy. 

riches (unhappy in their arrival) ; or it may be renown 
by chance, and unlasting. A line and a star indicate 
celebrity, in consequence of talent, which has been 
forced upon one. A number of lines and a star 
mean wealth. 

A Star situated upon the Mount of Venus at the 
base is evil or unhappiness from the opposite sex. 

A star upon the Mount of Mercury is a sign of dis- 
honour. Upon Mars it is death in battle or conflict 
If upon the Mount of the Moon it is hypocrisy and 
dissimulation. But it also indicates misfortune, oc- 
curring through the excess of imagination (perhaps 
trustfulness), and most likely drownings for the Moon 
is the ruler of the sea. 

The square ( a ) is an indication of force or energy 
wherever it be may found. It gives coolness in 
danger, good sense, and the power of "taking in 
things at a glance," as the phrase is. This sign upon 
Venus, is, however, unfortunate, and means a con- 
vent, cell, or durance vile; and is near the line of 

A circle (O) is an indication of glory, as the 
" halo " behind the head of saints in old pictures is 
supposed to represent holiness. If this glory mark 
be found upon the Mount of the Sun, it is an excel- 
lent sign; in any of the lines it is a bad one. 
According to ancient Chiromants, if on the line of 
Life or on the Mount of the Moon, it foretells the 
loss of an eye, or, if double, of both eyes. 

A point (•), like an exaggerated "full-stop," 
is a wound, or madness when on the line of the 
Head. A white point upon the line of the Heart is 
an indication of conquest in the lists of love ; and 

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Signs which Modify Effects of Mounts, 149 

may mean, if in the Head line, scientific discovery 

An isle^ or break in a line, as where a stream 
separates into two branches, which unite again, is 
generally a bad sign, and often means hereditary 
maladies. On the Head line it may mean assassina- 
tion or murderous projects ; on the line of the Heart, 
illicit love ; on the line of the Liver, going towards 
Mercury, robbery, or, what is much the same, bad 
faith in business, or fraudulent bankruptcy. On the 
line of Life it indicates a mystery of birth. On the 
line of Saturn it has a curious signification, and yet 
implies happiness by any dishonourable means, which 
need not be explained. 

The Triangle (£^) tells of aptitude for science, 
and M. Desbarrolles gives us types and examples of 
this. He says : — 

On the Mount of Mercury the triangle means skil- 
fulness in politics (as in Talleyrand). 

On the Mount of Jupiter, diplomacy and power 
greatly developed (as in Napoleon I.). 

On the Mount of Saturn, the dark sciences, 
magic, &c, based upon fear of eternal punishment 

On the Mount of the Sun, science in art (ex. gr. 
Michael Angelo, Leonardo da Vinci, &c.). 

On the Mount of Mars, skilful, military combina- 
tions (Turenne). 

On the Mount of the Moon, reasoning, mystic in- 
telligence (Paracelsus). 

On the Mount of Venus, calculation in love (Ma- 
dame de Maintenon). 

The Cross (X) is usually an unfavourable sign, Y 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

150 Chirotnancy. 

upon the Mount of Jupiter it signifies a happy mar- 
riage ; in all cases this is true. In the Grand Triangle 
it means religion and superstition, and, if united with 
the Satumian line, some good in consequence of re- 

The Cross on Saturn is the bad influence of the 
planet On the Mount of the Sun, the Cross signi- 
fies effort checked in art, &c, because the Sun is 
deflected, and things get into a wrong light in con- 

A Cross on Mercury is kleptomania (to use no 
harsher term). 

A Cross on Mars indicates a tendency to strife, and, 
perhaps, homicide. 

A Cross on the plain of Mars, between the Mount 
of Venus and the Mount of the Moon, means a 
struggle in life of importance, and a change of posi- 
tion, perhaps occupation. 

A Cross upon the Mount of the Moon indicates a 
liar, who will even use self-deception, and he is not 
a good character who possesses it, if the lines do not 
absolve him. 

A Cross upon the Mount of Venus is unselfish 
(single) and fatal love, unless another be found upon 
Jupiter's hill, when it tells of happy marriage and 
undivided affection. 

A well-made Cross is to be accepted as a good 
omen, when all its limbs are of equal length. A 
badly-made Cross is a bad sign ; the former adds to 
the influence of its Mount. 

Branches extending from any line are signs of 
strength and energy upon such lines. Those oc- 
curring at the end of a line are only favourable when 

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Sigfts which Modify Effects of Mounts, 151 

they ascend. They partake of the qualities of their 
trunks, and upon the line of Saturn are promises 
of extreme happiness. On the lines of Heart, Life, 
and Head, they signify exuberance of love, vigour, 
and health, and of intelligence respectively. 

Chatnlike formations of the lines are obstacles or 
entanglements. On the line of the Heart, " flirtations." 

Broken or disconnected waving lines are signs of 
ill-luck ; and madness or weakness of brain when on 
the line of the Head. 

Parallel lines, called " Capillary " lines, which, after 
a time unite to make one single line, are a weakness, 
and indicate an ill-future in a bodily sense. But 
when there are a great many of these little lines upon a 
mount, there is a tendency to embarrassment, and 
they interfere with each other, rendering the result 
more or less futile. 

People who have many rays upon the mount of 
the Moon are subject to presentiments and such ima- 
ginary suggestions. They are of the ghost-seeing 
class ; for the astral fluid in them has a superabund- 
ance ; and, being in the region of imagination, they 
fancy they see images, and have forebodings, which 
arise merely from their own imaginings. To such 
people we would say — 

** . . . Be ne'er by forebodings deterred ; 
But think how oft lives have been blighted 
By fears of what never occurred V* 

Grating-marks, a kind of beatified gridiron upon 
the hand, are also considered as unfortunate, and they 
have special significance. They are supposed to be 
faults upon the mounts on which they occur, and 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



generate exaggerated qualities, or qualify benefits^ 
according to the hills which they adorn (or disfigure). 
We need not recapitulate these tendencies ; the bars 
suppose an absorption of the generous fluids, and 
preserve them in the material world of the hand. 

Cross rays on the mounts are also obstacles. They 
interfere with the direct benefits which would accrue 
from a direct line alone in the same way, as small 

Fig. 19. 

lines of a downward tendency are hostile to the main 
lines whence they fall. 

Lines proceeding upwards are good, and intensify 
the benefits already arising from the line or mount 
on which it rises. For instance, Mercury unadorned 
is a sign of commercial intelligence. With one 
line it shows a "chance" in fortune; if very much 
"rayed," it becomes robbery, the "chance" being 
guided by an ill-will to do evil 

Thus, well-placed mounts are good. 

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Sigtts which Modify Effects of Mounts. 153 

With one line they mean success. 

With two lines, unhappiness, or evil. 

Three lines, at equal dUstancts, great glory , success, 
or happiness. 

Tortuous lines, unhappiness and misfortune. 

A number of lines, a " choking " of the quality in 

These are the chief indications which the signs, 
marks, and formations of and on the Lines and 
Mounts, as considered apart from the Lines and 
Mounts themselves, give us, and, even if they are 
found upon the hand of a child, they do not 
necessarily indicate evil fortune. The unhappy 
presage may be averted The islands particularly 
are warnings that the ill will most likely come to 
the individual, but it need not be yielded to and 
welcomed. By these warnings we can avert trouble, 
and, by taking due precaution, neutralize it even if 
it arrive. 

^- Q :: 

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154 Chiromancy. 



There are several things to be kept in mind while 
the Chiromant is examining a hand. He must, to a 
certain extent, recognize the character and constitu- 
tion of his " subject ;" he must be able to distinguish 
his capacity for business; the general condition of 
his health, and to inform him whether he is idle 
or industrious ; cold or warm temperament ; luxurious 
or envious ; liberal or miserly ; engaged, in love, or 
married; whether hot-tempered or good-natured; 
with many other traits, all of which will be read 
from the hand submitted, if the student has studied 
this work. To do this some few instructions are 
necessary, and the beginner must be exceedingly care- 
ful^ for slips are very easy to make, and no one likes 
to be accused of faults, particularly when they are un- 
conscious of cherishing them. 

First catch your Hand, — Take the left hand in 
your own as if you were going to shake hands, and 
holding it loosely thus lying in yours observe its pro- 
portions and formations by the light of Chirognomy. 
This done, turn the hand over in yours and 
inspect the palm, slightly compressing the sides so 
as to accentuate the lines. They^<?/ of the hand mil 
at once tell you something. Soft hands and rough 
hands tell tales. The size of the hands, the fingers. 

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Hints upon ^^ Reading the Hand^ 155 

the tops of the fingers, the joints, and, lastly, the 
mounts and lines, must be consulted and taken in 
almost at a glance. Long hesitation will never do ; 
the quicker the verdict comes, the more penetrating is 
the sentence, and the higher the estimation of the 

(i.) The form of the hand is very important, and 
here Chirognomy comes to our assistance, as in 
Part I. The points of the hand being rapidly re- 
viewed, we shall find some indication as to character 
and occupation, tastes, &c. 

(2.) So soon as the type of hand has been ascer- 
tained, both hands must be examined to see in which 
the mounts, &c, are best marked. The left hand 
will be selected, eventually, for line-reading, but we 
must find out whether the individual is more active 
or passive, as already explained in this volume. 

(3.) The form of the Quadrangle will then be 
noted, and the character descried by it; and then 
the Triangles and the Angles must be noted, so as to 
ascertain the defects or powers of intelligence, &c., 
as already explained in Chapters X. and XI. 

(4.) We shall then have arrived at a very impor- 
tant point. We shall know the social and moral 
nature, the intelligence and capacity, the aptitude for 
work, the health and usefulness of the individual. 
The examination of the mounts at the bases of the 
fingers will confirm our impressions, for we seldom 
find many contradictions in the hands. We can see 
modifying traits, but never, or very, very seldom, any 
contradiction, per se, 

(5.) The mounts and their protuberances or flatness 
will tell us much. The mount of Saturn, for example* 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 

156 Chiromancy, 

will inform us whether the person is or is not avari- 
cious, or superstitious, and so on. We need not 
recapitulate the signs here; the chapters preceding 
this have dealt as fully as possible with the various 
indications, and the reader must learn the signs and 
the confirmatory evidences for himself. 

(6.) The principal lines — those of the Heart and 
the Head — should terminate in a fork, if they be 
good ; poor lines end abruptly. The mounts should 
also be in their proper places, and not lean over to 
their neighbours. Then we proceed to examine the 
lines and the stars, crosses, chains, and triangles 
which intersect, interrupt, check, or mark them. 

(7.) The whole palm must be seen and considered. 
We can obtain an excellent idea of character from 
the Quadrangle, Triangles, and other Angles, remem- 
ber ; and although the reading of the shape of the 
hand and fingers is very important, we can tell 
certain past events from a mere glance at the palm 
of the hand. 

We will conclude with a few sentences respecting 
the three worlds which are seen and recognized in 
the hand. 

These are the divine or superior qualities of the 
mind, the qualities of the head, or natural world, and 
the more material and gross. We will repeat a few 
indications with reference to the foregoing rules for 
inspection of the hand, which will serve as examples. 

Jupiter gives us pride and ambition, &c 
Saturn gives us prudence, superstition, and 

sadness, perhaps. 
Apollo gives us glory, riches, fame. 

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Hints upon ** Reading the Hand!' 157 

Mercury is scientific, eloquent, and gives us 
finesse and robbery. 

Mars gives us courage, poverty, and resignation. 

Venus gives us love, passion, charity, and fellow- 

The Moon principally imagination. 

Let us apply these in excess — 

Jupiter, being religious, will, you imagine, if in 
excess, be very good. He is not. His pos- 
sessor is simply /r^«^. 

Apollo in excess is fond of riches, instead of 
art, and he will tend to luxury and show. 

Mercury in excelsis is simply a thie£ . . . 

And so on. We shall find excess bad. All super- 
abundance is a blemish. 

But we must read " with the fingers," as do the 
blind. We cannot find out the meaning without the 
fingers, and the pointed, the spatulated, the square, 
all qualify the mount. 

Apollo with pointed fingers, wish for glory. 

Apollo with spatulated fingers, desire for riches. 

Apollo with square fingers, love of truth in art 

Jupiter with pointed fingers, religion. 

Jupiter with spatulated fingers, command. 

Jupiter with square fingers, ambition. 
We might carry these on to the other fingers, but 
we have said enough to indicate the view which must 
be taken of the mounts in connection with certain 
indications of the fingers. The lines, again, will give 
us plenty of occupation, and it will be some consider- 
able time, and not until earnest application has been 
made, that the horoscope will be correctly cast. 

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158 Chiromancy. 

There are a great many things concerning Chiro- 
mancy which are not written in this book. To do 
the subject justice, three such volumes as this 
would not be too many ; there are so many interest- 
ing combinations, so many scientific facts, so many 
anecdotes and curious confirmations of characters 
pronounced, that they would, if written, fill a large 
volume. But for all popular and amateur purposes, 
the Chiromant will find the foregoing pages, we be- 
lieve, perfectly trustworthy. After some considerable 
personal experience, we have consulted numerous 
writers, ancient and modem, male and female, upon 
this fascinating science, which is again rapidly 
coming into favour. The results of our joint expe- 
riences and reading are partly embodied in this 
volume. The remainder will be added to as expe- 
rience may decide. 

In saying farewell to our public, let us add a little 
advice to those about to " Chiromant " their friends. 
Be cautious. Never make guesses. Be perfectly cer- 
tain, and then do not give utterance to your thoughts 
unless you feel assured of their reception. We have 
said all this before, you will retort. Perhaps we 
have ; but we cannot repeat it too often. An enemy 
may be made for life by an incautious statement ; and 
when the individual has a tendency to murder and 
homicide, with other angry passions, telling tales in 
his hand, he may turn and rend you ! 

As to the future, be particularly careful. It is not 
" in our hands " in one sense, if it be in another. 
The marks in our palms are God's warnings to us, 
and we may pay no more attention to them than we 
do to Sunday Sermons or Services. Very well But 

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Hints up07i ** Reading the Hand'^ 159 

do not say you had no warning when the axe falls. 
Be also very circumspect with children, their doting 
parents, and nervous persons. All Evil may be 
checked by Will and Religion. Strong as the strong 
man is, Another is stronger, and will prevail. 

Finally, do not despise the hand, or its teaching, 
nor one view of its reality. The marks are there for 
some reason; until you can prove we are wrong we 
claim to be right ! Farewell ! 


Woodfall and Kinder, Printers, Milford Lane, Strand, London, W.C. 

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